唐代五言律诗句法与诗境

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

本文对唐五律句法作出全面系统的梳理,首先分出简单主谓、复杂主谓、题评三大类句型,然后找出每一类中最重要的句式共十种,一一加以详细分析。通过与先唐五言句式作比较,作者试图判断这十种句式究竟是化旧为新,还是翻空出奇,从而确定它们各自的审美特性。末节在理论层次上归纳上文对十种句式的分析,揭示唐五律诗人如何开展全方位的句法创新,不仅实现了齐梁五言所追求的“圆美流转”之理想,而且还超越视听之域,创造出“境生象外”这种前所未有的诗境。

This article is a systematic study on the syntactical innovations in Tang pentasyllabic regulated verse and explore their profound aesthetic significance. It first sets forth three basic sentence patterns: the simple subject-predicate, the complex subject-predicate, and the topic+comment. Next, it identifies, under those three patterns, ten most noteworthy sentence types in the Tang regulated verse. By comparing each type with their predecessors in the Six Dynasties poetry, the author seeks to determine whether it is an evolution of a pre-Tang sentence type or an entirely new invention while describing its distinctive features. The last section of the paper synthesizes all the findings and shows how Tang poets, through comprehensive syntactical innovations, not only attained the aesthetic ideal of “ Well-rounded and beautiful, flowing and turning” (yuanmei liuzhuan) that has eluded their predecessors, but also created a suprasensory poetic vision hitherto unknown to Chinese poetry.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)115-134
Number of pages20
Journal学术月刊
Volume2019
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

本文的研究和撰写得到香港研究资助局“社会科学和人文科学杰出学者”项(LU330000215)的资助

Keywords

  • 五言律诗
  • 句法
  • 诗境
  • 王维句法
  • 杜甫句法
  • Tang pentasyllabic regulated verse
  • syntax
  • poetic vision
  • syntax of Wang Wei
  • syntax of Du Fu

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