当代中国研究中的问卷调查研究:从地方样本中学习

Translated title of the contribution: Survey Research in the Study of Contemporary China: Learning from Local Samples

Melanie F. MANION, 周凤华 (Translator), 李连江 (Translator)

Research output: Journal PublicationsArticle (Translation)

Abstract

本文试图说明,从作为大多数中国内地问卷调查研究之基础的对中国人口的非代表 性抽样能够( 及不能够) 推出什么结论。显然,出于方便而选择的一个或几个地区内的被访问的中 国人样本,不能可靠地代表研究者感兴趣的更大的总体。 本文指出,原则上没有理由认为地区样 本是“个案研究”。 尽管我们不能依靠来自地区样本的数据沿着任何单一的维度去描述更大的总 体,这种非代表性并不一定影响有关变量之间关系的研究结果的可推广性。

This article sets out what can (and what cannot) be inferred from the unrepresentative samples of the Chinese population that are the basis for most survey research conducted in mainland China. Clearly, a sample of Chinese interviewed in a locality or localities selected for convenience does not reliably represent a larger population of interest. This article shows that, in principle, there is no reason to think of local samples as "case studies". While data from local samples cannot be relied on for descriptions of a larger population along any single dimension, this unrepresentativeness does not necessarily affect generalizability of findings about relationships between variables.
Translated title of the contributionSurvey Research in the Study of Contemporary China: Learning from Local Samples
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)117-126
Number of pages10
Journal华中师范大学学报 (人文社会科学版)
Volume43
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

译者周凤华是华中科技大学管理学院博士生,校对者李连江是香港浸会大学政府与国际研究系副教授。该文英文版发表在《中国季刊》( China Quarterly) ,第139期(1994年9月) ,第741-765页。经作者同意,译者删掉了原文的脚注并对少数与文章学术内容无关的用语做了技术处理。本刊感谢李连江博士与作者和《中国季刊》联系解决版权问题,也感谢《中国季刊》现任主编斯特劳斯博士( Dr.Julia Strauss) 的慷慨授权。

Keywords

  • 当代中国
  • 问卷调查
  • 方法论
  • contemporary China
  • survey research
  • methodology

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