明代注杜對朱熹賦比興結構解《詩》法的繼承與改造

Translated title of the contribution: On the inheritance and adjustment of Zhu Xi’s method of analyzing poetry through narrative, analogy, and association in Ming-dynasty annotations of Du Fu’s poetry

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

談到明清詩歌結構分析理論,學界或著眼於起承轉合的研究,或集中討論時文作法與詩歌結構分析法的相互影響,還未注意到宋代朱熹的賦比興結構解《詩》法同樣是明清詩歌結構分析的重要來源。明人借鑒朱熹解三百篇的模式來注釋詩歌,雖被四庫館臣批爲“至每篇仿《集傳》,注興也賦也比也字,尤多所牽合矣”,但細究其體例卻不乏可取之處,在某種意義上,甚至可稱爲動態的意脈解詩法之開端。以明代注杜本爲例,探討明人在詩歌結構分析上對朱熹賦比興結構解《詩》法的繼承與改造,及其對清代解杜詩的影響,能夠豐富明清結構解詩發展的不同維度。

When discussing the theories of structural analysis of Ming and Qing poetry, scholars have either focused on the progression from introduction to climax or the mutual influence between prose techniques and poetry structural analysis. However, the Song-dynasty influence of Zhu Xi’s method of analyzing poetry based on narrative, analogy, and association has been overlooked, even though it also serves as a significant source for structural analysis of poetry in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Although Ming scholars borrowed Zhu Xi’s model to annotate poetry and were criticized by the officials of the Complete Library of the Four Treasuries 四庫全書 for “imitating the Collected Commentaries excessively, with excessive use of narrative, analogy, and association, often extending their interpretations.” A closer examination of their methods reveals valuable insights. In some respects, it could even be regarded as the beginning of a dynamic method of analyzing poetry based on semantic coherence. Taking Ming-dynasty annotations of Du Fu’s poetry as an example, this article explores Ming scholars’ inheritance and adjustment of Zhu Xi’s method, as well as its influence on Qing-dynasty analysis of Du Fu’s poetry. This article enriches the understanding of the various dimensions in the development of poetic structural analysis during the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Translated title of the contributionOn the inheritance and adjustment of Zhu Xi’s method of analyzing poetry through narrative, analogy, and association in Ming-dynasty annotations of Du Fu’s poetry
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)217-237
Number of pages21
Journal嶺南學報
Volume20
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • 朱熹
  • 賦比興結構分析法
  • 明代杜詩學
  • 詩歌結構
  • Zhu Xi
  • analyzing poetry through narrative
  • analogy, and association
  • Ming-dynasty analysis of Du Fu’s poetry
  • poetic structure

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