根據《世説新語》某條疏證晋、齊、楚區域之學術、文化記憶與分歧

Translated title of the contribution: On the scholarship and cultural memories and divergences of Jin, Qi, and Chu regions : according to notes in A New Account of Tales of the World

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

文化絶非一成不變的,此在時間和空間之兩端,俱可體會中國文化與時俱進,它在各個時代分别借用不同區域的文化資源,而匯總起來就形成整體的中國文化。中國古代任何時期士人或政治人物都具有兩面性,他既是傳統的,又是現實的,所謂傳統就指他受某種區域或學派的思想學術之熏染,所謂現實乃指其人現實處境中的具體反應,而此種人生際遇下的現實表現又必然與其文化傳承存在著某種關聯,或者説其人所受文化觀念之影響又鮮活地體現在其人生應對之間,尤其面臨巨大挑戰時候,其言行舉止必然與其人知識結構、學術積累及思想意識保持一定程度的契合,而《世説新語·言語》某條所記述王坦之、伏滔和習鑿齒三者之間的對話,恰好牽涉三晋、齊地與荆楚的歷史文化之歧異和衝突,而此三者又與秦、漢、魏晋三個時代依稀有著對應關係,所以既是時間的流轉,又屬空間理念之此消彼長,由此入手,揭示此三地文化歷史之記憶與分歧,亦涉獵中國文化版圖之犖犖大端,或藉以呈現朝代更替間的必然性邏輯,而此種分析和研究也既屬歷史的推流溯源,又可一窺接受文化路徑依賴的王、伏、習三者之不同的現實處境和内心世界。

Chinese culture advances by drawing cultural resources from different regions at different times, which come together to constitute its totality. Scholars and officials in ancient times were both traditional and realistic: the former meaning that they were influenced by the scholarship of a certain region or school of thought; the latter referring to their responses to their immediate realities. In life’s twists and turns, the choices they made were necessarily linked to cultural lineage or reflected the influence of cultural ideas vividly, and their writings and behaviors were in sync with their knowledge structures, intellectual cultivations, and ideologies, especially when they faced huge challenges. A passage that records the dialog between Wang Tanzhi 王坦之, Fu Tao 伏滔, and Xi Zuochi 習靈齒 in the “Sayings” chapter of A New Account of Tales of the World, and Xi Zuochi concerns the divergences and conflicts among the Three Jins, Qi, and Jinchu regions and further loosely correspond with the Qin, Han, Wei Jin periods. The temporal and spatial transformations therein reveal the memories and divergences of the cultural histories of the three regions, present the vast landscape of Chinese culture, and demonstrate the necessity of the dynastic cycle. The analyses and research in this article not only trace the historical sources but also appreciate the outer realities and inner worlds of Wang, Fu, and Xi who accepted the reliance on their respective cultural paths.

Translated title of the contributionOn the scholarship and cultural memories and divergences of Jin, Qi, and Chu regions : according to notes in A New Account of Tales of the World
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)163-194
Number of pages32
Journal嶺南學報
Volume19
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • 三晋法家
  • 齊學
  • 楚地《莊》
  • 《老》道家
  • 歷史文化
  • 東晋門閥政治
  • legalists of the Three Jins
  • School of Qi
  • Daoism of Zhuangzi and Laozi in the Chu region
  • history
  • culture
  • clan politics of the Eastern Jin dynasty

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'On the scholarship and cultural memories and divergences of Jin, Qi, and Chu regions : according to notes in A New Account of Tales of the World'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this