A Critique of Mario Vargas Llosa’s Putative Justifications of Bullfighting


Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


The Nobel Prize in Literature laureate Mario Vargas Llosa (2020) praises the legal protection of bullfighting by a Peruvian law that prohibits the torture of animals except in case of cultural traditions, such as bullfighting and cockfighting. He claims that his defense of bullfighting follows from his liberal point of view, and advances three reasons in favor of its preservation: It is a tradition, it is a fine art, and the individuals should be constitutionally free to choose what to see and where to go. I argue that his arguments are morally irrelevant and logically unsound.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-41
JournalJournal of Animal Ethics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • animal law
  • animal rights
  • culture
  • aesthetics
  • civil liberties
  • animal cruelty
  • animals in sport and entertainment
  • bulls
  • Mario Vargas Llosa


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