A CTU-level Screen Content Rate Control for Low-delay Versatile Video Coding

Yi CHEN, Meng WANG, Shiqi WANG, Zhangkai NI, Sam KWONG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a rate control scheme for screen content video coding is proposed for the Versatile Video Coding (VVC) standard. In view of the critical challenges arising from the spatial and temporal unnaturalness of screen content sequences, the proposed method relies on the specifically designed pre-analysis such that the content information regarding the scene complexity can be obtained. As such, the estimated residual complexity is then incorporated into the proposed complexity-aware rate models and distortion models, leading to the optimal bit allocations for each frame and coding tree unit (CTU). In particular, the optimization problem can be analytically solved with the proposed models, and the coding parameters such as Lagrangian multiplier λ and quantization parameter of each frame and CTU could be delicately derived according to the allocated bits through the proposed analytical models. Extensive experiments have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Compared to the default hierarchical λ-domain rate control and other screen content rate control algorithms, the proposed method could achieve obvious RD performance gain, and the bit-rate accuracy could be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5227-5241
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number9
Early online date9 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Commission [InnoHK Project Centre for Intelligent Multidimensional Data Analysis (CIMDA)], in part by the Hong Kong Research Grant Council (RGC) General Research Fund (GRF) under Grant 9042816 (CityU 11209819) and Grant 9042958 (CityU 11203820), in part by the Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 62201387, and in part by the Shanghai Pujiang Program under Grant 22PJ1413300.

Publisher Copyright:
© 1991-2012 IEEE.


  • Bit rate
  • Complexity theory
  • Distortion
  • Encoding
  • Quantization (signal)
  • quantization parameter
  • rate control
  • Rate-distortion
  • rate-distortion optimization
  • Versatile video coding
  • Video coding


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