A dynamic framework for earnings inequality between black and white men

Chunhui REN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study conceptualizes earnings inequality between black and white men as a three-stage dynamic process: the pre-market human capital acquisition, the labor-market entry, and the longitudinal career progression. Based on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this framework is put to an empirical test that leads to two major conclusions. First, overall patterns of black-white earnings inequality are shaped primarily at labor-market entry as opposed to developing within the labor market. Second, the longitudinal progression of earnings inequality exhibits distinctive trajectories across different pre-market groups. Less-educated black men face a wider earnings gap at labor-market entry, but the gap stays relatively stable over time. Highly educated black men face a narrower earnings gap at labor-market entry, but the gap widens over time. I attribute these patterns to the temporal-specific interplays between race and a series of labor-market mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1449-1478
Number of pages30
JournalSocial Forces
Volume100
Issue number4
Early online date21 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. All rights reserved.

Keywords

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  • Hypoxia
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  • Secondary dormancy
  • Water content

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