A family of herringbone patterns in thin films


Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)


Upon cooling, a thin metal film deposited on compliant elastomer substrate undergoes equi-biaxial compression and begins to buckle at a critical stress. As further cooling occurs, a highly ordered herringbone pattern self-assembles. The preference for the herringbone pattern over other potential modes is demonstrated based on minimum energy arguments. Control of the pre-buckling in-plane stress components may be one way to influence the pattern formation, possibly giving rise to a family of unbalanced herringbone modes that links one-dimensional modes with the balanced herringbone mode. © 2003 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-801
Number of pages4
JournalScripta Materialia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This work has been supported in part by Grant NSF DMR 0213805 and in part by the Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University.


  • Buckling
  • Herringbone pattern
  • Self-assembly
  • Thin film


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