A fast algorithm to estimate inverse consistent image transformation based on corresponding landmarks

Xuan YANG, Dian ZHANG*, Shuiyong YAO, Bo WANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Inverse consistency is an important feature for non-rigid image transformation in medical imaging analysis. In this paper, a simple and efficient inverse consistent image transformation estimation algorithm is proposed to preserve correspondence of landmarks and accelerate convergence. The proposed algorithm estimates both the forward and backward transformations simultaneously in the way that they are inverse to each other based on the correspondence of landmarks. Instead of computing the inverse functions and the inverse consistent transformations, respectively, we combine them together, which can improve computation efficiency significantly. Moreover, radial basis functions (RBFs) based transformation is adopted in our algorithm, which can handle deformation with local or global support. Our algorithm maps one landmark to its corresponding position exactly using the forward and backward transformations. Moreover, our algorithm is employed to estimate the forward and backward transformations in robust point matching, as well to demonstrate the application of our algorithm in image registration. The experiment results of uniform grids and test images indicate the improvement of the proposed algorithm in the aspect of inverse consistency of transformations and the reduction of the computation time of the forward and the backward transformations. The performance of our algorithm applying to robust point matching is evaluated using both brain slices and lung slices. Our experiments show that by combing robust point matching with our algorithm, the registration accuracy can be improved and the smoothness of transformations can be preserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1399
Pages (from-to)84-98
Number of pages15
JournalComputerized Medical Imaging and Graphics
Early online date8 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Backward transformation
  • Forward transformation
  • Image registration
  • Inverse consistency

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