A Longitudinal Study of Physical Activity and Personality in the Wellbeing of Older Adults

Bill Cheuk Long CHAN*, Michelle LUCIANO, Billy LEE

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Objective: This study examines the interactions of physical activity and personality traits in the subjective wellbeing (SWB) of older adults. Methods: 520 Scottish participants (262 male; 258 female) completed self-reported surveys measuring their level of physical activity, personality, and SWB in 2011–2013 (mean age = 76.23 ± .68) and in 2014–2016 (mean age = 79.31 ± .62). Results: While all of the Big Five personality traits predicted SWB across the 3-year period in the expected direction, neither physical activity nor its joint effect with any of the personality traits was a significant predictor of subsequent SWB. Discussion: Further research on older adults with higher variation in age, exercise level, and cultural background is needed to disentangle how physical activity and personality influence SWB.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The LBC1936 study is supported by Age UK (Disconnected Mind programme grant), and Michelle Luciano was a member of the University of Edinburgh Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology (which recently closed), part of the cross council Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Initiative (MR/K026992/1). Funding from the United Kingdom Medical Research Council (MRC) is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • Lothian Birth Cohort
  • moderation analysis
  • personality traits
  • subjective wellbeing


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