A meta-analysis on the social relationship outcome of being compassionate towards oneself: The moderating role of individualism-collectivism

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

Self-compassion could benefit social relationships. However, its effect size and cross-cultural consistency have not been reviewed. This meta-analysis synthesized the effect sizes of the correlations between self-compassion and social relationship outcomes and examined the moderating role of individualism-collectivism on this link. Results indicated that self-compassion was positively correlated with perceived social support with a moderate effect size (r = 0.31, N = 6056), negatively correlated with loneliness with a moderate-to-large effect size (r = −0.41, N = 3295), and positively correlated with close relationship quality with a small effect size (r = 0.17, N = 4262). The positive link between self-compassion and social support and the negative one of loneliness were weaker in samples collected from more collective societies. The implications were discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number111162
Number of pages9
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume184
Early online date3 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Close relationship quality
  • Individualism-collectivism
  • Loneliness
  • Perceived social support
  • Self-compassion

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