A multiple intelligent agent system for credit risk prediction via an optimization of localized generalization error with diversity

S., Daniel YEUNG, W. Y., Wing NG, P. F., Aki CHAN, P. K., Patrick CHAN, Michael Arthur FIRTH, C. C., Eric TSANG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

20 Citations (Scopus)


Company bankruptcies cost billions of dollars in losses to banks each year. Thus credit risk prediction is a critical part of a bank's loan approval decision process. Traditional financial models for credit risk prediction are no longer adequate for describing today's complex relationship between the financial health and potential bankruptcy of a company. In this work, a multiple classifier system (embedded in a multiple intelligent agent system) is proposed to predict the financial health of a company. In our model, each individual agent (classifier) makes a prediction on the likelihood of credit risk based on only partial information of the company. Each of the agents is an expert, but has limited knowledge (represented by features) about the company. The decisions of all agents are combined together to form a final credit risk prediction. Experiments show that our model out-performs other existing methods using the benchmarking Compustat American Corporations dataset.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-180
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes



  • Business intelligence
  • Credit rating
  • Feature grouping
  • Localized generalization error
  • Multiple classifier system

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