A study of the employment system of Japanese multinational retailers in Hong Kong

Mei Ling, May WONG, Chris HENDRY

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study examines the employment system of Japanese multinational retailing corporations in Hong Kong through two case companies - Morioka and Okadaya. The human resource management (HRM) practices - recruitment and selection, remuneration, and training and development - of the companies are studied. The different HRM practices applied to different groups of employees within each case company are compared using an employment systems model. The employment system is structured and multi-layered. The development of the structured employment system is then analysed in relation to the cultural and sectoral factors. It is shown that only the cultural characteristics of the Japanese parent companies can explain the ethnocentric management approach used in which Japanese personnel are employed in the internal labour marker (ILM) and local employees are employed outside the ILM. Economic and labour market conditions in both parent and host countries and sectoral characteristics have also contributed to the stratification of the employment system among the local employees. The implications of this study are that the long-term development of Japanese multinational retailers will be weakened if the structured employment system persists.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)629-643
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
    Volume8
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1997

    Fingerprint

    Personnel
    Human resource management
    Industry
    Multinationals
    Retailers
    Employment systems
    Hong Kong
    Economics
    Employees
    Labor
    Human resource management practices

    Keywords

    • Employment system
    • Hong Kong
    • Japan
    • Multinational
    • Retail

    Cite this

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    title = "A study of the employment system of Japanese multinational retailers in Hong Kong",
    abstract = "This study examines the employment system of Japanese multinational retailing corporations in Hong Kong through two case companies - Morioka and Okadaya. The human resource management (HRM) practices - recruitment and selection, remuneration, and training and development - of the companies are studied. The different HRM practices applied to different groups of employees within each case company are compared using an employment systems model. The employment system is structured and multi-layered. The development of the structured employment system is then analysed in relation to the cultural and sectoral factors. It is shown that only the cultural characteristics of the Japanese parent companies can explain the ethnocentric management approach used in which Japanese personnel are employed in the internal labour marker (ILM) and local employees are employed outside the ILM. Economic and labour market conditions in both parent and host countries and sectoral characteristics have also contributed to the stratification of the employment system among the local employees. The implications of this study are that the long-term development of Japanese multinational retailers will be weakened if the structured employment system persists.",
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    A study of the employment system of Japanese multinational retailers in Hong Kong. / WONG, Mei Ling, May; HENDRY, Chris.

    In: International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 8, No. 5, 01.10.1997, p. 629-643.

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

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    AU - HENDRY, Chris

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    AB - This study examines the employment system of Japanese multinational retailing corporations in Hong Kong through two case companies - Morioka and Okadaya. The human resource management (HRM) practices - recruitment and selection, remuneration, and training and development - of the companies are studied. The different HRM practices applied to different groups of employees within each case company are compared using an employment systems model. The employment system is structured and multi-layered. The development of the structured employment system is then analysed in relation to the cultural and sectoral factors. It is shown that only the cultural characteristics of the Japanese parent companies can explain the ethnocentric management approach used in which Japanese personnel are employed in the internal labour marker (ILM) and local employees are employed outside the ILM. Economic and labour market conditions in both parent and host countries and sectoral characteristics have also contributed to the stratification of the employment system among the local employees. The implications of this study are that the long-term development of Japanese multinational retailers will be weakened if the structured employment system persists.

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