A Survey on Unbalanced Classification: How Can Evolutionary Computation Help?

Wenbin PEI, Bing XUE, Mengjie ZHANG, Lin SHANG, Xin YAO, Qiang ZHANG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Unbalanced classification is an essential machine learning task, which has attracted widespread attention from both the academic and industrial communities due mainly to its broad applications. Evolutionary computation (EC) has contributed greatly to unbalanced classification. However, to the best of our knowledge, there have not been any comprehensive investigations on the strengths and weaknesses of alternative EC methods in addressing various challenging problems in unbalanced classification. This paper reviews the literature which utilize EC techniques for unbalanced classification, with the aim of revealing the contributions of EC to unbalanced classification, providing an overview of recent advances, and identifying limitations of existing works. In addition, we present a series of real-world applications, and identify open challenges as well as possible research directions for the future. IEEE
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Class imbalance
  • Computer science
  • Costs
  • Evolutionary computation
  • Evolutionary Computation
  • Machine Learning
  • Sampling methods
  • Task analysis
  • Training
  • Unbalanced classification


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