A three-phase study was conducted among Chinese employees in Greater China to develop and validate the Chinese coping strategies that were most common and frequently used. By adopting a qualitative open-ended methodology and quantitative surveys (using both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis), the internal consistency and factor structure of the developed 12-item Chinese coping strategies has been demonstrated, and some evidence for construct validity has been provided. The structures of Chinese coping strategies include four factors: active positive coping, passive adaptive coping, social support and hobbies/relaxation. The results also show that active positive coping, social support, and hobbies/relaxation have a beneficial role on work well-being (job satisfaction, physical and behavioral symptoms), whereas passive adaptive coping relatively has a maladaptive effect.
Bibliographical noteA portion of this paper was presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Academy-of-Management, Aug 06-11, 2004, New Orleans, Louisiana.
SIU, O. L., SPECTOR, P. E., & COOPER, C. L. (2006). A three-phase study to develop and validate a Chinese coping strategies scales in Greater China. Personality and Individual Differences, 41(3), 537-548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.02.012