A three-wave study of antecedents of work-family enrichment : the roles of social resources and affect

Oi Ling SIU, Arnold B. BAKKER, Paula BROUGH, Changqin LU*, Haijiang WANG, Thomas KALLIATH, Michael O'DRISCOLL, Jiafang LU, Carolyn TIMMS

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


On the basis of conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) and the resource-gain-development perspective (Wayne, Grzywacz, Carlson, and Kacmar, 2007), this paper examines the differential impact of specific social resources (supervisory support and family support) on specific types of affect (job satisfaction and family satisfaction, respectively), which, in turn, influence work-to-family enrichment and family-to-work enrichment, respectively. A sample of 276 Chinese workers completed questionnaires in a three-wave survey. The model was tested with structural equation modelling. Job satisfaction at time 2 partially mediated the relationship between time 1 supervisory support and time 3 work-to-family enrichment (capital), and the effect of supervisory support on work-to-family enrichment (affect) was fully mediated by job satisfaction. Family satisfaction at time 2 fully mediated the relationship between time 1 family support and time 3 family-to-work enrichment (affect, efficiency). Implications for theory, practice and future research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-314
Number of pages9
JournalStress and Health
Issue number4
Early online date22 Nov 2013
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Bibliographical note

This work has been supported by the RGC research grants in Lingnan University (Project Nos. DR07B7, DS08A4 and DR09A2). Portion of the paper was presented at the 2011 Academy of Management Annual Meeting, San Antonio, USA, on 16 August, 2011.


  • family satisfaction
  • family support
  • job satisfaction
  • supervisory support
  • work–family enrichment


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