A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce

David A. RALSTON, Carolyn P. EGRI, Emmanuelle REYNAUD, Narasimhan SRINIVASAN, Olivier FURRER, David BROCK, Ruth ALAS, Florian WANGENHEIM, Fidel León DARDER, Christine KUO, Vojko POTOCAN, Audra I. MOCKAITIS, Erna SZABO, Jaime Ruiz GUTIÉRREZ, Andre A. Pekerti, Arif N. Butt, Ian Palmer, Irina Naoumova, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Arunas StarkusHung Vu Thanh, Tevfik Dalgic, Mario Molteni, María Teresa De La Garza Carranza, Isabelle Maignan, Francisco B. Castro, Yong Lin Moon, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Marina Dabic, Yongjuan Li, Wade M. Danis, Maria Kangasniemi, Mahfooz A. Ansari, Liesl Riddle, Laurie P. Milton, Philip Hallinger, Detelin S. Elenkov, Ilya Girson, Modesta Gelbuda, Prem Ramburuth, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Malika Richards, Cheryl Van DEUSEN, Ping Ping Fu, Man Kei Paulina WAN, Mo Lin, Moureen TANG, Chay Hoon LEE, Ho Beng Chia, Yongquin Fan, Alan Wallace

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, egalitarianism, and harmony. For each society, we report the Cronbach’s α statistics for each values dimension scale to assess their internal consistency (reliability) as well as report interrater agreement (IRA) analyses to assess the acceptability of using aggregated individual level values scores to represent country values. We also examined whether societal development level is related to systematic variation in the measurement and importance of values. Thus, the contributions of our evaluation of the SVS values dimensions are two-fold. First, we identify the SVS dimensions that have cross-culturally internally reliable structures and within-society agreement for business professionals. Second, we report the society cultural values scores developed from the twenty-first century data that can be used as macro-level predictors in multilevel and single-level international business research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-31
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011

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twenty-first century
Values
Workforce
autonomy
egalitarianism
collectivism
transcendence
individualism
macro level
conservation
statistics
manager

Keywords

  • Cultural values
  • International management
  • Schwartz Values Survey

Cite this

RALSTON, D. A., EGRI, C. P., REYNAUD, E., SRINIVASAN, N., FURRER, O., BROCK, D., ... Wallace, A. (2011). A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce. Journal of Business Ethics, 104(1), 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8
RALSTON, David A. ; EGRI, Carolyn P. ; REYNAUD, Emmanuelle ; SRINIVASAN, Narasimhan ; FURRER, Olivier ; BROCK, David ; ALAS, Ruth ; WANGENHEIM, Florian ; DARDER, Fidel León ; KUO, Christine ; POTOCAN, Vojko ; MOCKAITIS, Audra I. ; SZABO, Erna ; GUTIÉRREZ, Jaime Ruiz ; Pekerti, Andre A. ; Butt, Arif N. ; Palmer, Ian ; Naoumova, Irina ; Lenartowicz, Tomasz ; Starkus, Arunas ; Vu Thanh, Hung ; Dalgic, Tevfik ; Molteni, Mario ; De La Garza Carranza, María Teresa ; Maignan, Isabelle ; Castro, Francisco B. ; Moon, Yong Lin ; Terpstra-Tong, Jane ; Dabic, Marina ; Li, Yongjuan ; Danis, Wade M. ; Kangasniemi, Maria ; Ansari, Mahfooz A. ; Riddle, Liesl ; Milton, Laurie P. ; Hallinger, Philip ; Elenkov, Detelin S. ; Girson, Ilya ; Gelbuda, Modesta ; Ramburuth, Prem ; Casado, Tania ; Rossi, Ana Maria ; Richards, Malika ; DEUSEN, Cheryl Van ; Fu, Ping Ping ; WAN, Man Kei Paulina ; TANG, Mo Lin, Moureen ; LEE, Chay Hoon ; Chia, Ho Beng ; Fan, Yongquin ; Wallace, Alan. / A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce. In: Journal of Business Ethics. 2011 ; Vol. 104, No. 1. pp. 1-31.
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abstract = "This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, egalitarianism, and harmony. For each society, we report the Cronbach’s α statistics for each values dimension scale to assess their internal consistency (reliability) as well as report interrater agreement (IRA) analyses to assess the acceptability of using aggregated individual level values scores to represent country values. We also examined whether societal development level is related to systematic variation in the measurement and importance of values. Thus, the contributions of our evaluation of the SVS values dimensions are two-fold. First, we identify the SVS dimensions that have cross-culturally internally reliable structures and within-society agreement for business professionals. Second, we report the society cultural values scores developed from the twenty-first century data that can be used as macro-level predictors in multilevel and single-level international business research.",
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RALSTON, DA, EGRI, CP, REYNAUD, E, SRINIVASAN, N, FURRER, O, BROCK, D, ALAS, R, WANGENHEIM, F, DARDER, FL, KUO, C, POTOCAN, V, MOCKAITIS, AI, SZABO, E, GUTIÉRREZ, JR, Pekerti, AA, Butt, AN, Palmer, I, Naoumova, I, Lenartowicz, T, Starkus, A, Vu Thanh, H, Dalgic, T, Molteni, M, De La Garza Carranza, MT, Maignan, I, Castro, FB, Moon, YL, Terpstra-Tong, J, Dabic, M, Li, Y, Danis, WM, Kangasniemi, M, Ansari, MA, Riddle, L, Milton, LP, Hallinger, P, Elenkov, DS, Girson, I, Gelbuda, M, Ramburuth, P, Casado, T, Rossi, AM, Richards, M, DEUSEN, CV, Fu, PP, WAN, MKP, TANG, MLM, LEE, CH, Chia, HB, Fan, Y & Wallace, A 2011, 'A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce', Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8

A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce. / RALSTON, David A.; EGRI, Carolyn P.; REYNAUD, Emmanuelle; SRINIVASAN, Narasimhan; FURRER, Olivier; BROCK, David; ALAS, Ruth; WANGENHEIM, Florian; DARDER, Fidel León; KUO, Christine; POTOCAN, Vojko; MOCKAITIS, Audra I.; SZABO, Erna; GUTIÉRREZ, Jaime Ruiz; Pekerti, Andre A.; Butt, Arif N.; Palmer, Ian; Naoumova, Irina; Lenartowicz, Tomasz; Starkus, Arunas; Vu Thanh, Hung; Dalgic, Tevfik; Molteni, Mario; De La Garza Carranza, María Teresa; Maignan, Isabelle; Castro, Francisco B.; Moon, Yong Lin; Terpstra-Tong, Jane; Dabic, Marina; Li, Yongjuan; Danis, Wade M.; Kangasniemi, Maria; Ansari, Mahfooz A.; Riddle, Liesl; Milton, Laurie P.; Hallinger, Philip; Elenkov, Detelin S.; Girson, Ilya; Gelbuda, Modesta; Ramburuth, Prem; Casado, Tania; Rossi, Ana Maria; Richards, Malika; DEUSEN, Cheryl Van; Fu, Ping Ping; WAN, Man Kei Paulina; TANG, Mo Lin, Moureen; LEE, Chay Hoon; Chia, Ho Beng; Fan, Yongquin; Wallace, Alan.

In: Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 104, No. 1, 01.11.2011, p. 1-31.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce

AU - RALSTON, David A.

AU - EGRI, Carolyn P.

AU - REYNAUD, Emmanuelle

AU - SRINIVASAN, Narasimhan

AU - FURRER, Olivier

AU - BROCK, David

AU - ALAS, Ruth

AU - WANGENHEIM, Florian

AU - DARDER, Fidel León

AU - KUO, Christine

AU - POTOCAN, Vojko

AU - MOCKAITIS, Audra I.

AU - SZABO, Erna

AU - GUTIÉRREZ, Jaime Ruiz

AU - Pekerti, Andre A.

AU - Butt, Arif N.

AU - Palmer, Ian

AU - Naoumova, Irina

AU - Lenartowicz, Tomasz

AU - Starkus, Arunas

AU - Vu Thanh, Hung

AU - Dalgic, Tevfik

AU - Molteni, Mario

AU - De La Garza Carranza, María Teresa

AU - Maignan, Isabelle

AU - Castro, Francisco B.

AU - Moon, Yong Lin

AU - Terpstra-Tong, Jane

AU - Dabic, Marina

AU - Li, Yongjuan

AU - Danis, Wade M.

AU - Kangasniemi, Maria

AU - Ansari, Mahfooz A.

AU - Riddle, Liesl

AU - Milton, Laurie P.

AU - Hallinger, Philip

AU - Elenkov, Detelin S.

AU - Girson, Ilya

AU - Gelbuda, Modesta

AU - Ramburuth, Prem

AU - Casado, Tania

AU - Rossi, Ana Maria

AU - Richards, Malika

AU - DEUSEN, Cheryl Van

AU - Fu, Ping Ping

AU - WAN, Man Kei Paulina

AU - TANG, Mo Lin, Moureen

AU - LEE, Chay Hoon

AU - Chia, Ho Beng

AU - Fan, Yongquin

AU - Wallace, Alan

PY - 2011/11/1

Y1 - 2011/11/1

N2 - This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, egalitarianism, and harmony. For each society, we report the Cronbach’s α statistics for each values dimension scale to assess their internal consistency (reliability) as well as report interrater agreement (IRA) analyses to assess the acceptability of using aggregated individual level values scores to represent country values. We also examined whether societal development level is related to systematic variation in the measurement and importance of values. Thus, the contributions of our evaluation of the SVS values dimensions are two-fold. First, we identify the SVS dimensions that have cross-culturally internally reliable structures and within-society agreement for business professionals. Second, we report the society cultural values scores developed from the twenty-first century data that can be used as macro-level predictors in multilevel and single-level international business research.

AB - This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, egalitarianism, and harmony. For each society, we report the Cronbach’s α statistics for each values dimension scale to assess their internal consistency (reliability) as well as report interrater agreement (IRA) analyses to assess the acceptability of using aggregated individual level values scores to represent country values. We also examined whether societal development level is related to systematic variation in the measurement and importance of values. Thus, the contributions of our evaluation of the SVS values dimensions are two-fold. First, we identify the SVS dimensions that have cross-culturally internally reliable structures and within-society agreement for business professionals. Second, we report the society cultural values scores developed from the twenty-first century data that can be used as macro-level predictors in multilevel and single-level international business research.

KW - Cultural values

KW - International management

KW - Schwartz Values Survey

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/566

U2 - 10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8

DO - 10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 104

SP - 1

EP - 31

JO - Journal of Business Ethics

JF - Journal of Business Ethics

SN - 0167-4544

IS - 1

ER -

RALSTON DA, EGRI CP, REYNAUD E, SRINIVASAN N, FURRER O, BROCK D et al. A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce. Journal of Business Ethics. 2011 Nov 1;104(1):1-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8