Achieving subjective well-being around the world : the moderating influence of gender, age and national goals for socializing children

Vivian Miu-Chi LUN, Michael Harris BOND

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose that one’s subjective well-being (SWB) arises from the satisfaction of one’s basic needs, but that the importance of attaining specific needs will vary according to one’s gender, age, and national culture. We argue that the role of one’s national-cultural background in that process can best be unpackaged in terms of the emphasis of a nation’s citizens on the goals for socializing children, namely, self-directedness versus other-directedness and civility versus practicality. Accordingly, we analyzed the responses of 65,025 persons across 50 nations to questions on the World Values Survey about their perceived state of health, financial satisfaction, trust of in-group members, and sense of personal control over events. Using HLM analysis, we showed that all four factors were significant predictors of SWB pan-nationally, but that the linkages of financial satisfaction and trust of in-group members to SWB were moderated by a nation’s self-directedness and civility; those of financial satisfaction and health were moderated by age. These results indicate that the socialization emphases characterizing one’s national culture operate to make some of the key contributors to one’s SWB more or less predictive. Cross-national studies are thereby vindicated in their capacity to reveal nation-specific formulas for psychological processes leading to SWB.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-608
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume17
Issue number2
Early online date13 Jan 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Fingerprint

well-being
gender
national culture
group membership
other-directedness
basic need
health
socialization
citizen
human being
event
Values

Keywords

  • Subjective well-being
  • Needs satisfaction
  • Culture
  • Socialization goals for children
  • Age and gender

Cite this

@article{fa23054c89e44b1dbd4d4b89098cc2ff,
title = "Achieving subjective well-being around the world : the moderating influence of gender, age and national goals for socializing children",
abstract = "We propose that one’s subjective well-being (SWB) arises from the satisfaction of one’s basic needs, but that the importance of attaining specific needs will vary according to one’s gender, age, and national culture. We argue that the role of one’s national-cultural background in that process can best be unpackaged in terms of the emphasis of a nation’s citizens on the goals for socializing children, namely, self-directedness versus other-directedness and civility versus practicality. Accordingly, we analyzed the responses of 65,025 persons across 50 nations to questions on the World Values Survey about their perceived state of health, financial satisfaction, trust of in-group members, and sense of personal control over events. Using HLM analysis, we showed that all four factors were significant predictors of SWB pan-nationally, but that the linkages of financial satisfaction and trust of in-group members to SWB were moderated by a nation’s self-directedness and civility; those of financial satisfaction and health were moderated by age. These results indicate that the socialization emphases characterizing one’s national culture operate to make some of the key contributors to one’s SWB more or less predictive. Cross-national studies are thereby vindicated in their capacity to reveal nation-specific formulas for psychological processes leading to SWB.",
keywords = "Subjective well-being, Needs satisfaction, Culture, Socialization goals for children, Age and gender",
author = "LUN, {Vivian Miu-Chi} and BOND, {Michael Harris}",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1007/s10902-015-9614-z",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "587--608",
journal = "Journal of Happiness Studies",
issn = "1389-4978",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "2",

}

Achieving subjective well-being around the world : the moderating influence of gender, age and national goals for socializing children. / LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi; BOND, Michael Harris.

In: Journal of Happiness Studies, Vol. 17, No. 2, 04.2016, p. 587-608.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Achieving subjective well-being around the world : the moderating influence of gender, age and national goals for socializing children

AU - LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi

AU - BOND, Michael Harris

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - We propose that one’s subjective well-being (SWB) arises from the satisfaction of one’s basic needs, but that the importance of attaining specific needs will vary according to one’s gender, age, and national culture. We argue that the role of one’s national-cultural background in that process can best be unpackaged in terms of the emphasis of a nation’s citizens on the goals for socializing children, namely, self-directedness versus other-directedness and civility versus practicality. Accordingly, we analyzed the responses of 65,025 persons across 50 nations to questions on the World Values Survey about their perceived state of health, financial satisfaction, trust of in-group members, and sense of personal control over events. Using HLM analysis, we showed that all four factors were significant predictors of SWB pan-nationally, but that the linkages of financial satisfaction and trust of in-group members to SWB were moderated by a nation’s self-directedness and civility; those of financial satisfaction and health were moderated by age. These results indicate that the socialization emphases characterizing one’s national culture operate to make some of the key contributors to one’s SWB more or less predictive. Cross-national studies are thereby vindicated in their capacity to reveal nation-specific formulas for psychological processes leading to SWB.

AB - We propose that one’s subjective well-being (SWB) arises from the satisfaction of one’s basic needs, but that the importance of attaining specific needs will vary according to one’s gender, age, and national culture. We argue that the role of one’s national-cultural background in that process can best be unpackaged in terms of the emphasis of a nation’s citizens on the goals for socializing children, namely, self-directedness versus other-directedness and civility versus practicality. Accordingly, we analyzed the responses of 65,025 persons across 50 nations to questions on the World Values Survey about their perceived state of health, financial satisfaction, trust of in-group members, and sense of personal control over events. Using HLM analysis, we showed that all four factors were significant predictors of SWB pan-nationally, but that the linkages of financial satisfaction and trust of in-group members to SWB were moderated by a nation’s self-directedness and civility; those of financial satisfaction and health were moderated by age. These results indicate that the socialization emphases characterizing one’s national culture operate to make some of the key contributors to one’s SWB more or less predictive. Cross-national studies are thereby vindicated in their capacity to reveal nation-specific formulas for psychological processes leading to SWB.

KW - Subjective well-being

KW - Needs satisfaction

KW - Culture

KW - Socialization goals for children

KW - Age and gender

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/2645

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84921324535&doi=10.1007%2fs10902-015-9614-z&partnerID=40&md5=e7148b3e7f1c495a78b07bfd7217ec28

U2 - 10.1007/s10902-015-9614-z

DO - 10.1007/s10902-015-9614-z

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 17

SP - 587

EP - 608

JO - Journal of Happiness Studies

JF - Journal of Happiness Studies

SN - 1389-4978

IS - 2

ER -