Actual causation : a stone soup essay

Clark GLYMOUR, David DANKS, Bruce GLYMOUR, Frederick EBERHARDT, Joseph RAMSEY, Richard SCHEINES, Peter SPIRTES, Choh Man TENG, Jiji ZHANG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


We argue that current discussions of criteria for actual causation are ill-posed in several respects. (1) The methodology of current discussions is by induction from intuitions about an infinitesimal fraction of the possible examples and counterexamples; (2) cases with larger numbers of causes generate novel puzzles; (3) "neuron" and causal Bayes net diagrams are, as deployed in discussions of actual causation, almost always ambiguous; (4) actual causation is (intuitively) relative to an initial system state since state changes are relevant, but most current accounts ignore state changes through time; (5) more generally, there is no reason to think that philosophical judgements about these sorts of cases are normative; but (6) there is a dearth of relevant psychological research that bears on whether various philosophical accounts are descriptive. Our skepticism is not directed towards the possibility of a correct account of actual causation; rather, we argue that standard methods will not lead to such an account. A different approach is required. Once upon a time a hungry wanderer came into a village. He filled an iron cauldronwith water, built a fire under it, and dropped a stone into the water. "I do like a tasty stone soup" he announced. Soon a villager added a cabbage to the pot, another added some salt and others added potatoes, onions, carrots, mushrooms, and so on, until there was a meal for all.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-192
Number of pages24
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Actual causation
  • Bayesian networks
  • Combinatorics
  • Intervention
  • Intuitions


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