Adaptation and social interaction among Africans in Hong Kong : The role of assimilation and integration


*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Promoting cross-cultural adaptation and social interactions among diverse cultural groups in multicultural societies has long been a focus of social and cross-cultural psychologists. However, such research is scant in an East Asian context where acculturation and intercultural encounters are now taking place. This study examines how acculturation expectations and strategies of assimilation and integration of the host majority (Hongkongers; N = 476) and immigrant groups (Africans; N = 215) shape adaptation and social interaction in the sociocultural context of Hong Kong. The mediation roles of perceived discrimination and multicultural ideologies were tested in these relationships. The results revealed that integration strategies are linked with psychological adaptation, whereas assimilation is linked with sociocultural adaptation difficulties for the immigrant group. For the host majority group, assimilation expectations were related to increased sociocultural adaptation difficulty, while a negative relationship emerged between integration expectations and sociocultural adaptation difficulty. Additional mediation analyses demonstrated that perceived discrimination and multicultural ideologies explain a significant proportion of variance in acculturation orientations and the intention to avoid interactions with the respective cultural groups. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings for Africans and Hongkongers relationship are discussed. Please refer to the Supplementary Material section to find this article's Community and Social Impact Statement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)954-969
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date21 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This manuscript was written when I was invited as a visiting researcher by Professor David Lackland Sam to the Department of Psychosocial Science at the University of Bergen. Support from Professor Sam, the institution, society and workplace diversity research group is enormously appreciated. Also, thanks to professor Vivian Lun of Lingnan University for her continued support. Last, I appreciate Victor and Williams Fung Foundation Limited for sponsoring the research visit.

Funding Information:
Faculty Research Grant (FRG) Lingnan University Research Committee, Grant/Award Number: SSFRG/21/1/2 Funding information

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • acculturation
  • adaptation
  • assimilation
  • integration
  • social interaction


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