Adolescent suicide in Hong Kong during 1980-2000

Daniel T. L. SHEK, Vera TANG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Analyses of adolescent suicide statistics in Hong Kong for the period 1980 to 2000 revealed several phenomena. First, while adolescent suicide rates (10-24 age group) in Hong Kong were relatively stable for the period under study, there was a gradual rising trend where adolescent suicide rates in the 1990s were higher than those in the 1980s. Second, suicide rates for adolescents aged 10-24 were lower than those of other adult age groups. Third, while adolescent suicide rates in Hong Kong were lower than those reported in some English-speaking countries and Mainland China, the figures were higher than those reported in Taiwan. Fourth, suicide rates among teenagers in early adolescence were lower than those among adolescents in late adolescence. Fifth, although male adolescent suicide rates were in general higher than female adolescent suicide rates (10-24 age group), gender differences in suicide rates appeared to be moderated by age. Sixth, there was a gradual rising trend in adolescent proportional mortality rates for suicide in the 1990s. Seventh, proportional mortality rates for suicide among teenagers in early adolescence were lower than those among adolescents in late adolescence. Finally, while jumping from a height was a common method of adolescent suicide, there was a rising trend of using other methods such as taking drugs, hanging and charcoal burning. The observed adolescent suicide phenomena are discussed with reference to the socio-cultural context of Hong Kong.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-265
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Suicide
  • Statistics
  • Adolescents
  • Hong Kong

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