Affiliation bias in peer review and the gender gap

Kao SI, Yiwei LI, Chao MA, Feng GUO

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We document an affiliation bias in top Chinese journals and the gender gap in the current affiliation effect. We find that papers written by researchers who are affiliated with the journals' host institutions on average receive fewer citation counts than those written by non-affiliated researchers. Moreover, we show that this affiliation bias is greater for men than for women. We propose that the current effect can be accounted for by a social capital mechanism, and we provide evidence consistent with our proposition. In addition, the results of our analyses demonstrate heterogeneity of the affiliation bias and the gender gap with regard to researcher status. We discuss alternative mechanisms of the current effect and implications of our research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104797
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number7
Early online date4 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by University of Macau research grants MYRG2020-00030-FBA and MYRG2022-00126-FBA granted to K. S., the Lam Woo Research Fund LWP20020 and Faculty Research Grant DB23A5 at Lingnan University granted to Y. L., and the National Natural Science Foundation of China General Program 72074045 granted to C. M.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Author affiliation
  • Peer review
  • Gender gap
  • Social capital

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