Age differences in attention under sadness : comparisons between Chinese and U.S. Americans

J. LEE, N. NGO, H. H. FUNG, D. M. ISAACOWITZ, Y. HO

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsConference (Extended Abstracts)Abstractspeer-review

Abstract

Previous literature have found positivity effects in age-related cognition, such that with age, people show increased preference in processing positive stimuli relative to negative or neutral stimuli. Yet, in cross-cultural studies the findings are mixed. This study utilized eye-tracking techniques to record visual fixation towards emotional information when participants were under sadness induction or not. Younger and older participants from Hong Kong (n = 119; Young: 19 – 26 years; Old: 64 – 81 years) and US (n = 111; Young: 18 – 23 years; Old: 60 – 87 years) viewed pictures that differed in valence (positive, negative, neutral) and cultural relevance (US, Chinese culture). Results revealed that older participants in both cultures showed decreased fixation duration towards negative pictures compared to younger participants. When experimentally induced into sad mood, US older participants showed increased attention towards positive pictures whereas Hong Kong older participants did not. The findings suggest that age-related differences in attention under laboratory-induced affect may be moderated by one’s cultural background.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovation in Aging
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages981
Number of pages1
Volume1, S1
ISBN (Print)2399-5300
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventThe 21st International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG) World Congress - Moscone West, San Francisco, United States
Duration: 23 Jul 201727 Jul 2017
https://www.afar.org/events/21st-iagg-world-congress-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics

Symposium

SymposiumThe 21st International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG) World Congress
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period23/07/1727/07/17
Internet address

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