An analysis of courtship behaviour in the four-eyed spotted turtle, Sacalia quadriocellata (Reptilia : Testudines: Geoemydidae)

Yu-xiang LIU, Bin HE, Hai-tao SHI, Robert W. MURPHY, Jonathan J. FONG, Ji-chao WANG, Li-rong FU, Yong-gang MA

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

8 Citations (Scopus)


A total of 168 courtship sequences from 12 male and 18 female adult captive Sacalia quadriocellata were recorded on video. Thirty male and four female discrete motor patterns were defined and described. The behavioural sequences were summarized in an intra-individual dyadic transition matrix and analyzed using chi-square and kappa analyses. Courtship behaviour models and a flow diagram were constructed for this species. The male display patterns involved tactical and visual signals to induce female receptivity to mating. In response, females may emit olfactory signals for gender recognition. Female rejection of male suitors resulted in a male success rate of 4.17%. Only seven copulations were observed. Copulation only occurred when a female became quiescent and relaxed her tail for coition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


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