An experimental test : Using rubrics for reflective writing to develop reflection

Michelle W.T. CHENG*, Cecilia K.Y. CHAN

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of utilising rubrics in reflective writing by investigating the effect on students’ work and the perceptions of the students and instructors. A hundred and thirty-four undergraduates attended a one-hour reflective writing workshop. All undergraduates were randomly assigned to three groups ran by three instructors: an experimental group in which rubrics were distributed with detailed explanation, another experimental group in which rubrics were distributed without any explanation (a stimulation of self-learning environment in university), and a control group that received no intervention. Measurements of the reflection levels in students’ writing were made by three instructors, who independently marked all the reflective writings based on the same rubric given to the undergraduates. Results revealed that experimental groups acquired significantly higher levels of reflection in students’ reflective writings than the control group. However, no significant differences were found between the two experimental groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
JournalStudies in Educational Evaluation
Early online date10 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research described in this article was funded through the General Research Fund of the Hong Kong Research Grants Council (project reference number 17610215) and the authors wish to thank the HAVE, U Can team for designing and conducting the programme.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Experimental groups
  • Higher education
  • Reflection
  • Reflective writing
  • Scoring rubrics
  • Undergraduate students


Dive into the research topics of 'An experimental test : Using rubrics for reflective writing to develop reflection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this