牟宗三先生對「為何道德」的議論初探

Translated title of the contribution: An inquiry into Mou Tsung-san's discussion on "why be moral"

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

    Abstract

    「為何道德」(Why be moral?)的問題,是後設倫理學(meta-ethics)的一個主要問題。本文會從英美關於「為何道德」的討論開始,檢視經驗進路的問題及缺憾,而這缺憾又如何逼出形上領域的探討。牟宗三先生認為儒家的道德的形上學,才能貫通形上形下的世界,為道德提供堅實的基礎。他以儒家的本心本性說明道德的普遍必然性,以至使人「無可逃於天地之間」。本文除了闡述此點外,更指出道德哲學與形上學在何種意義下,有着緊密的關聯。

    The question of "Why Be Moral" is an important issue in meta-ethics. In this article I will start with the examination of the empirical approach to this question and its difficulties. I will then show that how the discussion is inevitably led to the sphere of metaphysics. Mou Tsung-san argued that only the Moral Metaphysics of Confucianism can provide a substantial ground for morality. He explained the universality and necessity of morals by the Confucian idea of original heart-mind and original nature. Apart from elaborating Mou's view, I also expound that in what sense there is a close relation between moral philosophy and metaphysics.
    Translated title of the contributionAn inquiry into Mou Tsung-san's discussion on "why be moral"
    Original languageChinese
    Pages (from-to)237-256
    Number of pages20
    Journal鵝湖學誌 = Legein Semi-annual Journal
    Volume56
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

    Keywords

    • 非道德論
    • 道德底形上學
    • 本性
    • 本心
    • 呈現
    • 理性
    • Amoralism
    • The Metaphysics of Moral
    • Moral Metaphysics
    • Original Nature
    • Original Heart-Mind
    • Present
    • Rational

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