An RF-based system for tracking transceiver-free objects

Dian ZHANG*, Jian MA, Quanbin CHEN, Lionel M. NI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsConference paper (refereed)Researchpeer-review

179 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In traditional radio-based localization methods, the target object has to carry a transmitter (e.g., active RFID), a receiver (e.g., 802.11x detector), or a transceiver (e.g., sensor node). However, in some applications, such as safe guard systems, it is not possible to meet this precondition. In this paper, we propose a model of signal dynamics to allow tracking of transceiver-free objects. Based on Radio Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), which is readily available in wireless communication, three tracking algorithms are proposed to eliminate noise behaviors and improve accuracy. The midpoint and intersection algorithms can be applied to track a single object without calibration, while the best-cover algorithm has potential to track multiple objects but requires calibration. Our experimental test-bed is a grid sensor array based on MICA2 sensor nodes. The experimental results show that the best side length between sensor nodes in the grid is 2 meters and the best-cover algorithm can reach localization accuracy to 0.99m.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings : Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages135-144
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780769527871
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event5th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007 - White Plains, NY, United States
Duration: 19 Mar 200723 Mar 2007

Conference

Conference5th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007
CountryUnited States
CityWhite Plains, NY
Period19/03/0723/03/07

Fingerprint

Electronic circuit tracking
Transceivers
Sensor nodes
Calibration
Sensor arrays
Radio frequency identification (RFID)
Transmitters
Detectors
Communication

Cite this

ZHANG, D., MA, J., CHEN, Q., & NI, L. M. (2007). An RF-based system for tracking transceiver-free objects. In Proceedings : Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007 (pp. 135-144). [4144758] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/PERCOM.2007.8
ZHANG, Dian ; MA, Jian ; CHEN, Quanbin ; NI, Lionel M. / An RF-based system for tracking transceiver-free objects. Proceedings : Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007. pp. 135-144
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ZHANG, D, MA, J, CHEN, Q & NI, LM 2007, An RF-based system for tracking transceiver-free objects. in Proceedings : Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007., 4144758, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 135-144, 5th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007, White Plains, NY, United States, 19/03/07. https://doi.org/10.1109/PERCOM.2007.8

An RF-based system for tracking transceiver-free objects. / ZHANG, Dian; MA, Jian; CHEN, Quanbin; NI, Lionel M.

Proceedings : Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007. p. 135-144 4144758.

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsConference paper (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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ZHANG D, MA J, CHEN Q, NI LM. An RF-based system for tracking transceiver-free objects. In Proceedings : Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PerCom 2007. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2007. p. 135-144. 4144758 https://doi.org/10.1109/PERCOM.2007.8