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Since 1965, Japan has issued numerous apologies to Korea, which however failed to resonate with the Korean public. To investigate this puzzle, this paper analyses the structure of these apologies and empirically examines their reception in Korea. Blatz et al.'s (Political Psychology, 2009, 30, 219) classification of components of political apologies was applied to conduct a qualitative analysis of 63 official apology statements by Japan to Korea and identify the most frequently used components (Study 1). Korean participants (N = 210) were randomly presented with an experimental vignette consisting of a major apology component to examine their psychological responses, and they also ranked the importance of each major apology component (Study 2). Results showed that while Koreans viewed admission of wrongdoing as an essential and the most demanded component of apology, it was paradoxically the least frequent component offered by Japan in reality.
|Journal||Asian Journal of Social Psychology|
|Early online date||28 Oct 2022|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 28 Oct 2022|
Bibliographical noteThe research was funded by the Hong Kong Research Grant Council, General Research Fund (13643616) and the Lingnan University internal Direct Grant (DR16A5/101061) given to the second author.
All procedures performed in the reported studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the research ethics committee of Lingnan University.
We thank Professor Jeongwon Park for insightful discussion, Mr. Tam Pui Cheun for providing research assistance, Mr. Eric Kension Yau for editorial assistance, Dr. Kelvin F. H. Lui for providing statistical advice, and Ms. Suyeon Lim, Ms. Jiyoon Kim, and Ms. Hyojin Kim for English-Korean translation and validation.
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- 2 Finished
Historical Justice and Reconciliation: Dealing with Japan's Occupation in Korea (歷史正義與和解：處理與日本的職業在韓國)
DAVID, R., YEUNG, W. L. V. & PARK, J.
Research Grants Council (HKSAR)
1/01/17 → 31/12/20
Project: Grant Research
Apologies and Denials: Dealing with Japan's Occupation in Korea
DAVID, R., PARK, J. & YEUNG, W. L. V.
1/09/16 → 31/08/19
Project: Grant Research