Are Investors Influenced by Accounting Presentation Format and Announcement Prominence of Special Items?

Lei DONG, On-Wing, Bernard WONG, Man Ching LUI

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
Management has considerable discretion over how to present and announce earnings components that are either unusual or infrequent, but not both (hereafter referred to as special items). In this study, we study the independent and joint effects of the accounting presentation format of, and the level of announcement prominence given to income-decreasing special items on investors’ judgments about the persistence of declining earnings.

Methodology/approach
Our study uses a 3 (format) × 2 (prominence) between-subjects design. In the experiment, participants act as proxies for nonprofessional investors to assess the persistence of a hypothetical firm’s declining earnings and make investment decisions.

Findings
Our results suggest that investors’ judgments are influenced by accounting presentation format and the level of announcement prominence. With respect to format, both classification and disaggregation affect investors’ assessment of earnings persistence. In addition, the degree of prominence given to an income-decreasing special item, albeit self-serving and not audited, introduces additional influence beyond that of accounting presentation format. In particular, we find that announcement prominence has a greater effect when the special item is aggregated with other operating expenses than when the special item is presented under the two other alternatives.

Research implications
Our study contributes to the literature by demonstrating that presentation format and announcement prominence both have significant impact on investors’ judgments and decisions, and that their effects are interactive. Our results also indicate that future research can possibly gain better insight if it considers the accounting attributes of the special items in addition to their economic attributes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in accounting behavioral research
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Pages71-98
Number of pages28
Volume19
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9781785609770
ISBN (Print)9781785609787
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Publication series

NameAdvances in Accounting Behavioral Research
Volume19
ISSN (Print)1475-1488

Fingerprint

Announcement
Investors
Special items
Persistence
Income
Earnings components
Earnings persistence
Nonprofessional investors
Disaggregation
Investment decision
Discretion
Economics
Expenses
Experiment
Methodology

Bibliographical note

Emerald Group Publishing Limited. 2017 Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence, Outstanding Author Contribution.

Keywords

  • Special items
  • accounting classification
  • disaggregation
  • announcement prominence
  • investors’ reactions

Cite this

DONG, L., WONG, O-W. B., & LUI, M. C. (2016). Are Investors Influenced by Accounting Presentation Format and Announcement Prominence of Special Items? In Advances in accounting behavioral research (1 ed., Vol. 19, pp. 71-98). (Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research; Vol. 19). Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1475-148820160000019003
DONG, Lei ; WONG, On-Wing, Bernard ; LUI, Man Ching. / Are Investors Influenced by Accounting Presentation Format and Announcement Prominence of Special Items?. Advances in accounting behavioral research. Vol. 19 1. ed. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2016. pp. 71-98 (Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research).
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DONG, L, WONG, O-WB & LUI, MC 2016, Are Investors Influenced by Accounting Presentation Format and Announcement Prominence of Special Items? in Advances in accounting behavioral research. 1 edn, vol. 19, Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research, vol. 19, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., pp. 71-98. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1475-148820160000019003

Are Investors Influenced by Accounting Presentation Format and Announcement Prominence of Special Items? / DONG, Lei; WONG, On-Wing, Bernard; LUI, Man Ching.

Advances in accounting behavioral research. Vol. 19 1. ed. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2016. p. 71-98 (Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research; Vol. 19).

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

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N2 - PurposeManagement has considerable discretion over how to present and announce earnings components that are either unusual or infrequent, but not both (hereafter referred to as special items). In this study, we study the independent and joint effects of the accounting presentation format of, and the level of announcement prominence given to income-decreasing special items on investors’ judgments about the persistence of declining earnings.Methodology/approachOur study uses a 3 (format) × 2 (prominence) between-subjects design. In the experiment, participants act as proxies for nonprofessional investors to assess the persistence of a hypothetical firm’s declining earnings and make investment decisions.FindingsOur results suggest that investors’ judgments are influenced by accounting presentation format and the level of announcement prominence. With respect to format, both classification and disaggregation affect investors’ assessment of earnings persistence. In addition, the degree of prominence given to an income-decreasing special item, albeit self-serving and not audited, introduces additional influence beyond that of accounting presentation format. In particular, we find that announcement prominence has a greater effect when the special item is aggregated with other operating expenses than when the special item is presented under the two other alternatives.Research implicationsOur study contributes to the literature by demonstrating that presentation format and announcement prominence both have significant impact on investors’ judgments and decisions, and that their effects are interactive. Our results also indicate that future research can possibly gain better insight if it considers the accounting attributes of the special items in addition to their economic attributes.

AB - PurposeManagement has considerable discretion over how to present and announce earnings components that are either unusual or infrequent, but not both (hereafter referred to as special items). In this study, we study the independent and joint effects of the accounting presentation format of, and the level of announcement prominence given to income-decreasing special items on investors’ judgments about the persistence of declining earnings.Methodology/approachOur study uses a 3 (format) × 2 (prominence) between-subjects design. In the experiment, participants act as proxies for nonprofessional investors to assess the persistence of a hypothetical firm’s declining earnings and make investment decisions.FindingsOur results suggest that investors’ judgments are influenced by accounting presentation format and the level of announcement prominence. With respect to format, both classification and disaggregation affect investors’ assessment of earnings persistence. In addition, the degree of prominence given to an income-decreasing special item, albeit self-serving and not audited, introduces additional influence beyond that of accounting presentation format. In particular, we find that announcement prominence has a greater effect when the special item is aggregated with other operating expenses than when the special item is presented under the two other alternatives.Research implicationsOur study contributes to the literature by demonstrating that presentation format and announcement prominence both have significant impact on investors’ judgments and decisions, and that their effects are interactive. Our results also indicate that future research can possibly gain better insight if it considers the accounting attributes of the special items in addition to their economic attributes.

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KW - accounting classification

KW - disaggregation

KW - announcement prominence

KW - investors’ reactions

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DONG L, WONG O-WB, LUI MC. Are Investors Influenced by Accounting Presentation Format and Announcement Prominence of Special Items? In Advances in accounting behavioral research. 1 ed. Vol. 19. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. 2016. p. 71-98. (Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research). https://doi.org/10.1108/S1475-148820160000019003