Artificial Intelligent Robots for Precision Education : A Topic ModelingBased Bibliometric Analysis

Xieling CHEN, Gary CHENG, Di ZOU*, Baichang ZHONG, Haoran XIE

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


As a human-friendly system, the artificial intelligence (AI) robot is one of the critical applications in promoting precision education. Alongside the call for humanity-oriented applications in education, AI robotsupported precision education has developed into an active field, with increasing literature available. This study aimed to comprehensively analyze directions taken in the past in this research field to interpret a roadmap for future work. By adopting structural topic modeling, the Mann-Kendall trend test, and keyword analysis, we investigated the research topics and their dynamics in the field based on literature collected from Web of Science and Scopus databases up to 2021. Results showed that AI robots and chatbots had been widely used in different subject areas (e.g., early education, STEM education, medical, nursing, and healthcare education, and language education) for promoting collaborative learning, mobile/game-based learning, distance learning, and affective learning. However, a limited practice in developing true human-centered AI (HCAI)-supported educational robots is available. To advance HCAI in education and its application in educational robots for precision education, we suggested involving humans in AI robot design, thinking of individual learners, testing, and understanding the learner–AI robot interaction, taking an HCAI multidisciplinary approach in robot system development, and providing sufficient technical support for instructors during robot implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-186
Number of pages16
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number1
Early online dateAug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023,Educational Technology and Society.All Rights Reserved.


  • Artificial intelligence robots
  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Future of human-centered artificial intelligence
  • Precision education
  • Research topics
  • Topic modeling


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