This chapter will focus on emerging issues relating to aging in the Asia-Pacific region, placing these as far as possible in the context of global experience. First, demographic aging in the Asia-Pacific region has been rapid across most countries but can we generalize? How does the region fare in a global context? Discussion will focus on fertility rates, life expectancies and evolutions over the past few decades, looking forward to mid-century. Population pyramids will be provided for selected countries to illustrate the range of regional experience. Second, what major social and service issues are raised by population aging in the region? Selected themes will be considered: 1. Older persons, health and environmental challenges. Experience indicates that older persons are often disproportionately affected by, for example, environment and climate factors. Regional evidence is somewhat scanty but we can draw on experiences of other regions. Four main causes of climate stress can be excess heat, low temperatures, atmospheric pollution and natural events. The importance of local environments, housing, services and topography, and relations to QoL will be considered, noting that age friendliness is now a major WHO focus. 2. Social and family changes are widespread in the region. Much discussed are declines in family support and filial piety: what are the implications (positive and negative) for older persons? 3. Elderly poverty is a growing and pervasive challenge in many countries of the region. 4. Other issues may be considered, including the impact of population aging on the need for quality end of life care, hospices and service, and community support and community based services to avoid unnecessary institutionalization.
|Title of host publication||Ageing in the Asia Pacific : Interdisciplinary and Comparative Perspectives|
|Editors||Thomas R. KLASSEN, Masa HIGO, Nopraenue S. DHIRATHITI, Theresa W. DEVASAHAYAM|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2018|
- demographic aging
- long term care