Ballistic performance of UHMWPE fabrics/EAMS hybrid panel

Xiaofei LIU, Maoqing LI, Xin LI, Xiaobin DENG, Xinhua ZHANG, Y. YAN, Yilun LIU, Xi CHEN

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


The ballistic protection for body armor usually requires both of high strength and high energy mitigation. In this work, we introduce and evaluate a new kind of body armor, i.e. a hybrid panel of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fabrics and soft energy absorption materials and structures (EAMS), by combing the advantages of bullet-proof and energy absorption of the respective material structures. A combined experimental and numerical study is conducted to evaluate the ballistic performance of the UHMWPE fabrics/EAMS hybrid panel. The resulting back-face signature (BFS) values of the hybrid panel are reduced by 6–17%, compared to the pure UHMWPE fabrics panel with the same areal density. If the EAMS is simply superimposed onto the UHMWPE fabrics, the reduction of BFS can be 50% or more with respect to the pure UHMWPE one. The effects of the geometrical factors of EAMS and mass ratio of UHMWPE fabrics to EAMS on the BFS values are studied using comprehensive finite element method (FEM) analyses. The strategies for optimal design of the UHMWPE fabrics/EAMS composite armor are proposed. The results presented herein shed useful insights for the design for high performance and energy mitigating body armors. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7357-7371
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Y.L. acknowledges the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11572239). X.C. acknowledges the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11372241 and 11572238), ARPA-E (DE-AR0000396) and AFOSR (FA9550-12-1-0159).


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