Bank deregulation and corporate risk

Tianjiao JIANG, Ross LEVINE*, Chen LIN, Lai WEI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Although research shows that competitive banks spur corporate growth, less is known about the impact of bank competition on corporate risk. Using a sample of more than 70,000 firm-year observations covering the period from 1975 through 1994, we find that deregulation that intensified competition among banks materially reduced corporate risk, especially among firms that rely heavily on bank finance. We find that competition-enhancing bank deregulation reduced corporate volatility by easing credit constraints when firms experience adverse shocks and reducing the procyclicality of borrowing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101520
JournalJournal of Corporate Finance
Early online date8 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Banks
  • Financial risk
  • Regulation

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