Barriers in the Commencement of Entrepreneurship for University Graduates in China’s Greater Bay Area: Human Capital or Social Capital?

Yuyang KANG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Responding to the challenges generated from graduate unemployment and underemployment, the Chinese government has tried to promote entrepreneurship among university graduates in recent years. Theoretical works suggest various factors that might influence the career development of graduates. However, few empirical research has been conducted to understand the barriers faced by nascent graduate entrepreneurs in urban China. This chapter contributes to the theoretical debates about the roles of human capital and social capital in influencing graduate employment outcome by providing empirical evidence from Shenzhen, China. It investigates the barriers faced by nascent entrepreneurs in Shenzhen and discusses the gap between university entrepreneurship education and actual demands, fixing a gap in extant literature. Findings suggest social capital is playing increasingly important roles in the context of degree inflation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHigher Education, Innovation and Entrepreneurship from Comparative Perspectives. Higher Education in Asia: Quality, Excellence and Governance
EditorsKa Ho MOK
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Chapter10
Pages231-244
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9789811688706
ISBN (Print)9789811688690
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Apr 2022

Publication series

NameHigher Education, Innovation and Entrepreneurship from Comparative Perspectives
ISSN (Print)2365-6352
ISSN (Electronic)2365-6360

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

Keywords

  • Graduate unemployment
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Higher education expansion
  • China

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