Responding to the challenges generated from graduate unemployment and underemployment, the Chinese government has tried to promote entrepreneurship among university graduates in recent years. Theoretical works suggest various factors that might influence the career development of graduates. However, few empirical research has been conducted to understand the barriers faced by nascent graduate entrepreneurs in urban China. This chapter contributes to the theoretical debates about the roles of human capital and social capital in influencing graduate employment outcome by providing empirical evidence from Shenzhen, China. It investigates the barriers faced by nascent entrepreneurs in Shenzhen and discusses the gap between university entrepreneurship education and actual demands, fixing a gap in extant literature. Findings suggest social capital is playing increasingly important roles in the context of degree inflation.
|Title of host publication
|Higher Education, Innovation and Entrepreneurship from Comparative Perspectives. Higher Education in Asia: Quality, Excellence and Governance
|Ka Ho MOK
|Number of pages
|E-pub ahead of print - 26 Apr 2022
|Higher Education, Innovation and Entrepreneurship from Comparative Perspectives
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
- Graduate unemployment
- Higher education expansion