Be careful where you smile : culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals

Kuba Krys*, C. -Melanie Vauclair, Colin A. Capaldi, Vivian Miu-Chi Lun, Michael Harris Bond, Alejandra Domínguez-Espinosa, Claudio Torres, Ottmar V. Lipp, L. Sam S. Manickam, Cai Xing, Radka Antalíková, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Julien Teyssier, Taekyun Hur, Karolina Hansen, Piotr Szarota, Ramadan A. Ahmed, Eleonora Burtceva, Ana Chkhaidze, Enila CenkoPatrick Denoux, Márta Fülöp, Arif Hassan, David O. Igbokwe, İdil Işık, Gwatirera Javangwe, María Malbran, Fridanna Maricchiolo, Hera Mikarsa, Lynden K. Miles, Martin Nader, Joonha Park, Muhammad Rizwan, Radwa Salem, Beate Schwarz, Irfana Shah, Chien Ru Sun, Wijnand van Tilburg, Wolfgang Wagner, Ryan Wise, Angela Arriola Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Smiling individuals are usually perceived more favorably than non-smiling ones—they are judged as happier, more attractive, competent, and friendly. These seemingly clear and obvious consequences of smiling are assumed to be culturally universal, however most of the psychological research is carried out in WEIRD societies (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) and the influence of culture on social perception of nonverbal behavior is still understudied. Here we show that a smiling individual may be judged as less intelligent than the same non-smiling individual in cultures low on the GLOBE’s uncertainty avoidance dimension. Furthermore, we show that corruption at the societal level may undermine the prosocial perception of smiling—in societies with high corruption indicators, trust toward smiling individuals is reduced. This research fosters understanding of the cultural framework surrounding nonverbal communication processes and reveals that in some cultures smiling may lead to negative attributions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-116
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Nonverbal Behavior
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Smiling
Intelligence
Nonverbal Communication
Social Perception
Research
Uncertainty
Psychology

Keywords

  • Corruption
  • Culture
  • Honesty
  • Intelligence
  • Smile
  • Uncertainty avoidance

Cite this

Krys, K., -Melanie Vauclair, C., Capaldi, C. A., Lun, V. M-C., Bond, M. H., Domínguez-Espinosa, A., ... Yu, A. A. (2016). Be careful where you smile : culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 40(2), 101-116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-015-0226-4
Krys, Kuba ; -Melanie Vauclair, C. ; Capaldi, Colin A. ; Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi ; Bond, Michael Harris ; Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra ; Torres, Claudio ; Lipp, Ottmar V. ; Manickam, L. Sam S. ; Xing, Cai ; Antalíková, Radka ; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis ; Teyssier, Julien ; Hur, Taekyun ; Hansen, Karolina ; Szarota, Piotr ; Ahmed, Ramadan A. ; Burtceva, Eleonora ; Chkhaidze, Ana ; Cenko, Enila ; Denoux, Patrick ; Fülöp, Márta ; Hassan, Arif ; Igbokwe, David O. ; Işık, İdil ; Javangwe, Gwatirera ; Malbran, María ; Maricchiolo, Fridanna ; Mikarsa, Hera ; Miles, Lynden K. ; Nader, Martin ; Park, Joonha ; Rizwan, Muhammad ; Salem, Radwa ; Schwarz, Beate ; Shah, Irfana ; Sun, Chien Ru ; van Tilburg, Wijnand ; Wagner, Wolfgang ; Wise, Ryan ; Yu, Angela Arriola. / Be careful where you smile : culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals. In: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 2016 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 101-116.
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abstract = "Smiling individuals are usually perceived more favorably than non-smiling ones—they are judged as happier, more attractive, competent, and friendly. These seemingly clear and obvious consequences of smiling are assumed to be culturally universal, however most of the psychological research is carried out in WEIRD societies (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) and the influence of culture on social perception of nonverbal behavior is still understudied. Here we show that a smiling individual may be judged as less intelligent than the same non-smiling individual in cultures low on the GLOBE’s uncertainty avoidance dimension. Furthermore, we show that corruption at the societal level may undermine the prosocial perception of smiling—in societies with high corruption indicators, trust toward smiling individuals is reduced. This research fosters understanding of the cultural framework surrounding nonverbal communication processes and reveals that in some cultures smiling may lead to negative attributions.",
keywords = "Corruption, Culture, Honesty, Intelligence, Smile, Uncertainty avoidance",
author = "Kuba Krys and {-Melanie Vauclair}, C. and Capaldi, {Colin A.} and Lun, {Vivian Miu-Chi} and Bond, {Michael Harris} and Alejandra Dom{\'i}nguez-Espinosa and Claudio Torres and Lipp, {Ottmar V.} and Manickam, {L. Sam S.} and Cai Xing and Radka Antal{\'i}kov{\'a} and Vassilis Pavlopoulos and Julien Teyssier and Taekyun Hur and Karolina Hansen and Piotr Szarota and Ahmed, {Ramadan A.} and Eleonora Burtceva and Ana Chkhaidze and Enila Cenko and Patrick Denoux and M{\'a}rta F{\"u}l{\"o}p and Arif Hassan and Igbokwe, {David O.} and İdil Işık and Gwatirera Javangwe and Mar{\'i}a Malbran and Fridanna Maricchiolo and Hera Mikarsa and Miles, {Lynden K.} and Martin Nader and Joonha Park and Muhammad Rizwan and Radwa Salem and Beate Schwarz and Irfana Shah and Sun, {Chien Ru} and {van Tilburg}, Wijnand and Wolfgang Wagner and Ryan Wise and Yu, {Angela Arriola}",
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Krys, K, -Melanie Vauclair, C, Capaldi, CA, Lun, VM-C, Bond, MH, Domínguez-Espinosa, A, Torres, C, Lipp, OV, Manickam, LSS, Xing, C, Antalíková, R, Pavlopoulos, V, Teyssier, J, Hur, T, Hansen, K, Szarota, P, Ahmed, RA, Burtceva, E, Chkhaidze, A, Cenko, E, Denoux, P, Fülöp, M, Hassan, A, Igbokwe, DO, Işık, İ, Javangwe, G, Malbran, M, Maricchiolo, F, Mikarsa, H, Miles, LK, Nader, M, Park, J, Rizwan, M, Salem, R, Schwarz, B, Shah, I, Sun, CR, van Tilburg, W, Wagner, W, Wise, R & Yu, AA 2016, 'Be careful where you smile : culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals', Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 101-116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-015-0226-4

Be careful where you smile : culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals. / Krys, Kuba; -Melanie Vauclair, C.; Capaldi, Colin A.; Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi; Bond, Michael Harris; Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra; Torres, Claudio; Lipp, Ottmar V.; Manickam, L. Sam S.; Xing, Cai; Antalíková, Radka; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis; Teyssier, Julien; Hur, Taekyun; Hansen, Karolina; Szarota, Piotr; Ahmed, Ramadan A.; Burtceva, Eleonora; Chkhaidze, Ana; Cenko, Enila; Denoux, Patrick; Fülöp, Márta; Hassan, Arif; Igbokwe, David O.; Işık, İdil; Javangwe, Gwatirera; Malbran, María; Maricchiolo, Fridanna; Mikarsa, Hera; Miles, Lynden K.; Nader, Martin; Park, Joonha; Rizwan, Muhammad; Salem, Radwa; Schwarz, Beate; Shah, Irfana; Sun, Chien Ru; van Tilburg, Wijnand; Wagner, Wolfgang; Wise, Ryan; Yu, Angela Arriola.

In: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 2, 06.2016, p. 101-116.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Be careful where you smile : culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals

AU - Krys, Kuba

AU - -Melanie Vauclair, C.

AU - Capaldi, Colin A.

AU - Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi

AU - Bond, Michael Harris

AU - Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra

AU - Torres, Claudio

AU - Lipp, Ottmar V.

AU - Manickam, L. Sam S.

AU - Xing, Cai

AU - Antalíková, Radka

AU - Pavlopoulos, Vassilis

AU - Teyssier, Julien

AU - Hur, Taekyun

AU - Hansen, Karolina

AU - Szarota, Piotr

AU - Ahmed, Ramadan A.

AU - Burtceva, Eleonora

AU - Chkhaidze, Ana

AU - Cenko, Enila

AU - Denoux, Patrick

AU - Fülöp, Márta

AU - Hassan, Arif

AU - Igbokwe, David O.

AU - Işık, İdil

AU - Javangwe, Gwatirera

AU - Malbran, María

AU - Maricchiolo, Fridanna

AU - Mikarsa, Hera

AU - Miles, Lynden K.

AU - Nader, Martin

AU - Park, Joonha

AU - Rizwan, Muhammad

AU - Salem, Radwa

AU - Schwarz, Beate

AU - Shah, Irfana

AU - Sun, Chien Ru

AU - van Tilburg, Wijnand

AU - Wagner, Wolfgang

AU - Wise, Ryan

AU - Yu, Angela Arriola

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - Smiling individuals are usually perceived more favorably than non-smiling ones—they are judged as happier, more attractive, competent, and friendly. These seemingly clear and obvious consequences of smiling are assumed to be culturally universal, however most of the psychological research is carried out in WEIRD societies (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) and the influence of culture on social perception of nonverbal behavior is still understudied. Here we show that a smiling individual may be judged as less intelligent than the same non-smiling individual in cultures low on the GLOBE’s uncertainty avoidance dimension. Furthermore, we show that corruption at the societal level may undermine the prosocial perception of smiling—in societies with high corruption indicators, trust toward smiling individuals is reduced. This research fosters understanding of the cultural framework surrounding nonverbal communication processes and reveals that in some cultures smiling may lead to negative attributions.

AB - Smiling individuals are usually perceived more favorably than non-smiling ones—they are judged as happier, more attractive, competent, and friendly. These seemingly clear and obvious consequences of smiling are assumed to be culturally universal, however most of the psychological research is carried out in WEIRD societies (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) and the influence of culture on social perception of nonverbal behavior is still understudied. Here we show that a smiling individual may be judged as less intelligent than the same non-smiling individual in cultures low on the GLOBE’s uncertainty avoidance dimension. Furthermore, we show that corruption at the societal level may undermine the prosocial perception of smiling—in societies with high corruption indicators, trust toward smiling individuals is reduced. This research fosters understanding of the cultural framework surrounding nonverbal communication processes and reveals that in some cultures smiling may lead to negative attributions.

KW - Corruption

KW - Culture

KW - Honesty

KW - Intelligence

KW - Smile

KW - Uncertainty avoidance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84952661892&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/5112

U2 - 10.1007/s10919-015-0226-4

DO - 10.1007/s10919-015-0226-4

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

C2 - 27194817

AN - SCOPUS:84952661892

VL - 40

SP - 101

EP - 116

JO - Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

JF - Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

SN - 0191-5886

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ER -