The present study examines how, in the context of birth tourism, children cope with the tensions between migration, family strategy, poverty, and societal exclusionary practices directed against immigrants. The example of economically disadvantaged ‘double not’ children – that is, children born in Hong Kong to non-affluent mainland Chinese parents described as ‘birth tourists’ in post-handover Hong Kong – brings to the fore children’s agency in navigating spatial mobility and coping with its consequences. The study examines the diverse ways in which such children talk about migration, the range of strategies they deploy to cope with their new and at times difficult circumstances after migration, and the effects these strategies have on their identity, action, emotions, and well-being. The study explores the different forms of agency of migrant children in the context of birth tourism. It situates their experiences within structural constraints and anti-migration campaigns that often see them as disrupting territorial cohesion. The findings fill a research gap in the literature on migrant children who are born in a context of birth tourism, a growing phenomenon of global mobility that blurs territorial boundaries and citizenship claims associated with those boundaries.
Bibliographical noteThis work was supported by Hong Kong Research Grant Council General Research Fund: [grant number GRF2120461].
- Birth tourism
- China/Hong Kong
- East Asia
- migrant children's agency