Blockchain in logistics and production from Blockchain 1.0 to Blockchain 5.0: An intra-inter-organizational framework

Tsan Ming CHOI, Tana SIQIN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


Blockchain technology is a ground breaking disruptive technology in production and logistics systems. However, how it affects logistics and production over the past years as well as what should be examined next remain unclear. This paper fills this gap by first discussing the evolution of blockchain (from Blockchain 1.0 to Blockchain 5.0). Then, we examine the related production and logistics management literature and highlight the current states of knowledge in the field. We review in more details the analytical and empirical studies and uncover the research methods, topics, insights and implications. After that, with references to both the examined literature and observed industrial practices, we identify various important research gaps one by one. We build the intra-inter-organizational (IIO) operational framework to highlight the importance of both internal (i.e., intra-organizational level) and inter-organizational considerations in order to adopt blockchain successfully in production and logistics systems. Critical factors for implementing blockchain under the IIO framework are uncovered. Finally, based on the IIO framework, a future research agenda, which relates to the different stages of blockchain development as well as different topical areas, is established.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102653
Number of pages16
JournalTransportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Early online date14 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This paper is partially supported by funding by Yushan Scholar Program (NTU-110VV012). The author sincerely thanks Shuk-Ching Liu for her clerical assistance with this paper. Tana Siqin is the corresponding author of this paper.


  • Blockchain
  • Production and logistics research
  • Research framework

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