Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies

Kuba Krys*, Colin A. Capaldi, Wijnand van Tilburg, Ottmar V. Lipp, Michael Harris Bond, C. Melanie Vauclair, L. Sam S. Manickam, Alejandra Domínguez-Espinosa, Claudio Torres, Vivian Miu-Chi Lun, Julien Teyssier, Lynden K. Miles, Karolina Hansen, Joonha Park, Wolfgang Wagner, Angela Arriola Yu, Cai Xing, Ryan Wise, Chien Ru Sun, Razi Sultan Siddiqui & 19 others Radwa Salem, Muhammad Rizwan, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Martin Nader, Fridanna Maricchiolo, María Malbran, Gwatirera Javangwe, İdil Işık, David O. Igbokwe, Taekyun Hur, Arif Hassan, Ana Gonzalez, Márta Fülöp, Patrick Denoux, Enila Cenko, Ana Chkhaidze, Eleonora Shmeleva, Radka Antalíková, Ramadan A. Ahmed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies—there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect—that women are evaluated more positively than men overall—is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are. Yet, because self-reported gender stereotypes may differ from implicit attitudes towards each gender, we reanalysed data collected across 44 cultures, and (a) confirmed that societal gender egalitarianism reduces the women-are-wonderful effect when it is measured more implicitly (i.e. rating the personality of men and women presented in images) and (b) documented that the social perception of men benefits more from gender egalitarianism than that of women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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Social Perception
Personality
Research Personnel
Egalitarianism
Gender Stereotypes
Cross-cultural Studies
Rating
Implicit Attitudes
Gender Equality

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Gender egalitarianism
  • Gender stereotypes
  • Implicit attitudes
  • Social cognition

Cite this

Krys, K., Capaldi, C. A., van Tilburg, W., Lipp, O. V., Bond, M. H., Vauclair, C. M., ... Ahmed, R. A. (2018). Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies. International Journal of Psychology, 53, 21-26. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12420
Krys, Kuba ; Capaldi, Colin A. ; van Tilburg, Wijnand ; Lipp, Ottmar V. ; Bond, Michael Harris ; Vauclair, C. Melanie ; Manickam, L. Sam S. ; Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra ; Torres, Claudio ; Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi ; Teyssier, Julien ; Miles, Lynden K. ; Hansen, Karolina ; Park, Joonha ; Wagner, Wolfgang ; Yu, Angela Arriola ; Xing, Cai ; Wise, Ryan ; Sun, Chien Ru ; Siddiqui, Razi Sultan ; Salem, Radwa ; Rizwan, Muhammad ; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis ; Nader, Martin ; Maricchiolo, Fridanna ; Malbran, María ; Javangwe, Gwatirera ; Işık, İdil ; Igbokwe, David O. ; Hur, Taekyun ; Hassan, Arif ; Gonzalez, Ana ; Fülöp, Márta ; Denoux, Patrick ; Cenko, Enila ; Chkhaidze, Ana ; Shmeleva, Eleonora ; Antalíková, Radka ; Ahmed, Ramadan A. / Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies. In: International Journal of Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 53. pp. 21-26.
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title = "Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies",
abstract = "Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies—there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect—that women are evaluated more positively than men overall—is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are. Yet, because self-reported gender stereotypes may differ from implicit attitudes towards each gender, we reanalysed data collected across 44 cultures, and (a) confirmed that societal gender egalitarianism reduces the women-are-wonderful effect when it is measured more implicitly (i.e. rating the personality of men and women presented in images) and (b) documented that the social perception of men benefits more from gender egalitarianism than that of women.",
keywords = "Culture, Gender egalitarianism, Gender stereotypes, Implicit attitudes, Social cognition",
author = "Kuba Krys and Capaldi, {Colin A.} and {van Tilburg}, Wijnand and Lipp, {Ottmar V.} and Bond, {Michael Harris} and Vauclair, {C. Melanie} and Manickam, {L. Sam S.} and Alejandra Dom{\'i}nguez-Espinosa and Claudio Torres and Lun, {Vivian Miu-Chi} and Julien Teyssier and Miles, {Lynden K.} and Karolina Hansen and Joonha Park and Wolfgang Wagner and Yu, {Angela Arriola} and Cai Xing and Ryan Wise and Sun, {Chien Ru} and Siddiqui, {Razi Sultan} and Radwa Salem and Muhammad Rizwan and Vassilis Pavlopoulos and Martin Nader and Fridanna Maricchiolo and Mar{\'i}a Malbran and Gwatirera Javangwe and İdil Işık and Igbokwe, {David O.} and Taekyun Hur and Arif Hassan and Ana Gonzalez and M{\'a}rta F{\"u}l{\"o}p and Patrick Denoux and Enila Cenko and Ana Chkhaidze and Eleonora Shmeleva and Radka Antal{\'i}kov{\'a} and Ahmed, {Ramadan A.}",
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Krys, K, Capaldi, CA, van Tilburg, W, Lipp, OV, Bond, MH, Vauclair, CM, Manickam, LSS, Domínguez-Espinosa, A, Torres, C, Lun, VM-C, Teyssier, J, Miles, LK, Hansen, K, Park, J, Wagner, W, Yu, AA, Xing, C, Wise, R, Sun, CR, Siddiqui, RS, Salem, R, Rizwan, M, Pavlopoulos, V, Nader, M, Maricchiolo, F, Malbran, M, Javangwe, G, Işık, İ, Igbokwe, DO, Hur, T, Hassan, A, Gonzalez, A, Fülöp, M, Denoux, P, Cenko, E, Chkhaidze, A, Shmeleva, E, Antalíková, R & Ahmed, RA 2018, 'Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies', International Journal of Psychology, vol. 53, pp. 21-26. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12420

Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies. / Krys, Kuba; Capaldi, Colin A.; van Tilburg, Wijnand; Lipp, Ottmar V.; Bond, Michael Harris; Vauclair, C. Melanie; Manickam, L. Sam S.; Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra; Torres, Claudio; Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi; Teyssier, Julien; Miles, Lynden K.; Hansen, Karolina; Park, Joonha; Wagner, Wolfgang; Yu, Angela Arriola; Xing, Cai; Wise, Ryan; Sun, Chien Ru; Siddiqui, Razi Sultan; Salem, Radwa; Rizwan, Muhammad; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis; Nader, Martin; Maricchiolo, Fridanna; Malbran, María; Javangwe, Gwatirera; Işık, İdil; Igbokwe, David O.; Hur, Taekyun; Hassan, Arif; Gonzalez, Ana; Fülöp, Márta; Denoux, Patrick; Cenko, Enila; Chkhaidze, Ana; Shmeleva, Eleonora; Antalíková, Radka; Ahmed, Ramadan A.

In: International Journal of Psychology, Vol. 53, 01.10.2018, p. 21-26.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Catching up with wonderful women : The women-are-wonderful effect is smaller in more gender egalitarian societies

AU - Krys, Kuba

AU - Capaldi, Colin A.

AU - van Tilburg, Wijnand

AU - Lipp, Ottmar V.

AU - Bond, Michael Harris

AU - Vauclair, C. Melanie

AU - Manickam, L. Sam S.

AU - Domínguez-Espinosa, Alejandra

AU - Torres, Claudio

AU - Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi

AU - Teyssier, Julien

AU - Miles, Lynden K.

AU - Hansen, Karolina

AU - Park, Joonha

AU - Wagner, Wolfgang

AU - Yu, Angela Arriola

AU - Xing, Cai

AU - Wise, Ryan

AU - Sun, Chien Ru

AU - Siddiqui, Razi Sultan

AU - Salem, Radwa

AU - Rizwan, Muhammad

AU - Pavlopoulos, Vassilis

AU - Nader, Martin

AU - Maricchiolo, Fridanna

AU - Malbran, María

AU - Javangwe, Gwatirera

AU - Işık, İdil

AU - Igbokwe, David O.

AU - Hur, Taekyun

AU - Hassan, Arif

AU - Gonzalez, Ana

AU - Fülöp, Márta

AU - Denoux, Patrick

AU - Cenko, Enila

AU - Chkhaidze, Ana

AU - Shmeleva, Eleonora

AU - Antalíková, Radka

AU - Ahmed, Ramadan A.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies—there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect—that women are evaluated more positively than men overall—is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are. Yet, because self-reported gender stereotypes may differ from implicit attitudes towards each gender, we reanalysed data collected across 44 cultures, and (a) confirmed that societal gender egalitarianism reduces the women-are-wonderful effect when it is measured more implicitly (i.e. rating the personality of men and women presented in images) and (b) documented that the social perception of men benefits more from gender egalitarianism than that of women.

AB - Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies—there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect—that women are evaluated more positively than men overall—is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are. Yet, because self-reported gender stereotypes may differ from implicit attitudes towards each gender, we reanalysed data collected across 44 cultures, and (a) confirmed that societal gender egalitarianism reduces the women-are-wonderful effect when it is measured more implicitly (i.e. rating the personality of men and women presented in images) and (b) documented that the social perception of men benefits more from gender egalitarianism than that of women.

KW - Culture

KW - Gender egalitarianism

KW - Gender stereotypes

KW - Implicit attitudes

KW - Social cognition

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UR - https://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/6358

U2 - 10.1002/ijop.12420

DO - 10.1002/ijop.12420

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 53

SP - 21

EP - 26

JO - International Journal of Psychology

JF - International Journal of Psychology

SN - 0020-7594

ER -