Changes in older adults' perceptions of age-friendliness in Hong Kong: A three-year mixed-methods study

Cheryl Hiu-kwan CHUI*, Shiyu LU, On Fung CHAN, Johnson Chun-Sing CHEUNG, Yingqi GUO, Yuqi LIU, Samuel Wai CHAN, Jennifer Yee Man TANG, Alma AU, Zhouyi Vincent WEN, Ruby YU, Xue BAI, Ka Ho Joshua MOK, Jean WOO, Terry Y.S. LUM

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Constructing an Age-friendly City (AFC) has become a major public policy imperative in response to global population aging and urbanization. Yet there is a dearth of empirical evidence on how AFC initiatives can improve perceived age-friendliness among community-dwelling older adults, and on how such initiatives may differently affect older adults with different socioeconomic statuses. Drawing on a three-year citywide AFC initiative in Hong Kong, we conducted a trend study to evaluate changes in perceived age-friendliness in eight AFC domains with 2575 and 2697 community-dwelling older adults in 2015 and 2018 respectively, in addition to 36 focus groups involving 206 older adults. Participants were asked to share their views on changes in age-friendliness in their cities. Survey data were analyzed using linear regression while focus group data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Significant improvements were found in perceived age-friendliness in all eight AFC domains. Low-income older adults saw the greatest improvements in age-friendliness. Thematic analysis revealed that despite improvements, shortcomings persist in domains of housing, civic engagement, and employment. Nevertheless, our findings demonstrate that concerted efforts can improve a city's overall age-friendliness, and that such improvements appear most evident among low-income older adults.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103748
Early online date14 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Age-friendly city
  • Inequality
  • Older adult
  • Aging
  • Evaluation
  • East Asia


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