Changing welfare solidarity : social policy and solidarity ventures during COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia

Nurhadi NURHADI, Tauchid Komara YUDA*, Kafa Abdallah KAFAA, Pinurba Parama PRATIYUDHA

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to draw the solidarity patterns of welfare providers, i.e. state and non-state responders to COVID-19, and how their acts of solidarity reacted to the crisis and its impacts. These data are based upon secondary literature and semi-structured interviews with relevant stakeholders associated with each particular case. We suggest that interactional patterns of solidarity between institutionalized type and informal solidarity have changed twice during the crisis. First, a shortage of public resources in the early phases of the crisis encouraged informal solidarity to play a significant role, even conditioned, in providing social services to citizens. The relentless spread of COVID-19 has also resulted in the interactional patterns of both solidarities shifting in a more contingent manner, resulting in a collaborative partnership between state and non-state actors. The evolving phenomenon of changing welfare solidarity practices has been largely disregarded in the midst of a rapidly expanding literature that scrutinizes the transformation of social policy in the Global South during the crisis, while also highlighting the emergence of fragmented solidarity within the country.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Asian Public Policy
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

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  • COVID-19
  • solidarity ventures
  • institutionalized solidarity
  • informal solidarity
  • social policy


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