Characteristics of acquirers and targets in domestic and cross-border mergers and aquisitions

Qing LIU, Larry D. Qiu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


To help understand mergers and acquisitions (M&As), this paper utilizes the most recent M&A data (1991-2007) to establish empirical facts on a variety of performance measures for M&A acquirers, targets, and non-participants. Unlike the finance literature which mainly focuses on abnormal returns, our performance measures include firm size, technology, productivity, and profitability. Generally, in domestic M&As, in cross-border M&As, in the pre-merger period and in the post-merger period, acquirers perform better than targets, whereas targets perform better than non-participants. Firms' performance is improved after the M&As. We also find that in the pre-merger period, US firms that acquire foreign firms in developing countries are significantly better than those that acquire foreign firms in developed countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-493
Number of pages20
JournalReview of Development Economics
Issue number3
Early online date17 Jul 2013
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Financial support from HKU’s Seed Funding.

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