Child Deprivation as a Mediator of the Relationships between Family Poverty, Bullying Victimization, and Psychological Distress

Ji-Kang CHEN*, Zhiyou WANG, Hung WONG, Vera Mun-Yu TANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

The paper examined the mediating effect of child deprivation on the associations between family poverty (i.e., relative poverty and household deprivation), bullying victimization, and psychological distress in an Asian/Chinese society (Hong Kong), and further examined sex differences in the interrelationships of family poverty, child deprivation, bullying victimization, and psychological distress. Data were collected from a random sample of 792 children and their adults living in the same households. The structural equation modeling analysis showed that family poverty did not predict bullying victimization and psychological distress directly but influenced both bullying victimization and psychological distress indirectly through child deprivation. No sex differences were found in the interrelationships between variables in the model. Our findings provide empirical support that child deprivation may play a crucial mediating role in the relationship between family poverty and its negative outcomes on children. This study also provides empirical evidence supporting that reducing child deprivation may effectively prevent the negative effects of family poverty on children's behavioral and psychological health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2001-2019
Number of pages19
JournalChild Indicators Research
Volume14
Issue number5
Early online date28 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was supported by a Grant from the Central Policy Unit of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. 4003-SPPR-11).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Keywords

  • Relative poverty
  • Household deprivation
  • Child deprivation
  • Bullying victimization
  • Psychological distress

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