Economic development processes in post-1949 China can be divided into two periods. In the first, 1950-70, the economy was extensively and intensively controlled by the state with a priority for developing heavy industries. In the second, since the 80s and known as the 'reform period,' the Chinese economy has increasingly been integrated with the world economy and relying on light (rural) industries as the prime motor of economic growth. Yet, in both these periods, Chinese policymakers shared the same 'developmental' philosophy in which social costs, that is the reproduction costs of human labour and nature, are largely ignored. The following is a critical sketch of government policies and their impact on the domestic population in these two periods.
|Title of host publication
|The dispossessed : victims of development in Asia
|Vinod RAINA, Aditi CHOWDHURY, Sumit CHOWDHURY
|Place of Publication
|Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives Press (ARENA Press)
|Number of pages
|Published - Dec 1997