China: social policy and reforms

Alex Jingwei HE, Zilin LI, Genghua HUANG

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook Chapter

Abstract

Consisting of thirty-four provincial administrative divisions, the People's Republic of China (PRC) is a unitary state, ruled by the wwCommunist Party of China (CPC) since 1949. As the most populous nation on Earth, with 1.4 billion people, China's social policy affects the well-being of one fifth of the world's population. Following the foundation of the PRC, its welfare institutions were modelled on the Soviet system and were built on the communist planned economy. It remained that way until 1978, when the country embarked on market-oriented reforms.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on Society and Social Policy
EditorsNicholas ELLISON, Tina HAUX
PublisherEdward Elgar
Chapter18
Pages238-251
ISBN (Electronic)9781788113526
ISBN (Print)9781788113519
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2020

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  • Cite this

    HE, A. J., LI, Z., & HUANG, G. (2020). China: social policy and reforms. In N. ELLISON, & T. HAUX (Eds.), Handbook on Society and Social Policy (pp. 238-251). Edward Elgar.