Choice of formal and informal care among community‐dwelling older people with or without dementia under a long‐term care insurance pilot program in China

Cheng SHI, Wing‐kit CHAN*, Jianwei YANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

Objective
This study examines the use of publicly funded formal and informal care among community-dwelling long-term care insurance (LTCI) beneficiaries in China and how dementia differentiates the choice of care.

Methods
Using administrative data from a LTCI pilot scheme in Guangzhou (n = 2043), we conducted a multinomial logistic regression to examine the association between dementia and the choice of family members (informal unpaid care), domestic helpers (informal paid care) and care workers (formal care), controlling for demographics, living environment and intensity of paid care hours.

Results
Most LTCI beneficiaries chose a family member (65%), followed by a domestic helper (21%) and a care worker (14%). After controlling for covariates, LTCI beneficiaries with dementia were more likely than their counterparts without dementia to choose care provided by a care worker (RRR: 1.73) or a living-in helper (RRR: 1.43) than a family member.

Conclusions
A preference for informal care was observed among LTCI beneficiaries in China. Those with dementia were more likely than those without dementia to use care provided by non-family caregivers. The pilot scheme findings provide further insight into care recipients' preferences for service utilisation and how dementia impacts these preferences, which should be considered in future policy and service provision.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAustralasian Journal on Ageing
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 AJA Inc’.

Keywords

  • China
  • community care
  • dementia
  • family caregivers
  • long-term care insurance

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