Due to the advanced capabilities of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) components such as vehicles, Roadside Units (RSUs) and smart devices as well as the increasing amount of data generated, Federated Learning (FL) becomes a promising tool given that it enables privacy-preserving machine learning. However, the performance of the FL suffers from the failure of communication links and missing nodes. Therefore, we propose the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as wireless relays to facilitate the communications between the IoV components and the FL server and thus improving the accuracy of the FL. However, a single UAV may not have sufficient resources for all iterations of the FL process. In this paper, we present a joint auction-coalition formation framework. The joint auctioncoalition formation algorithm is proposed to achieve a stable partition of UAV coalitions in which an auction scheme is applied. The auction scheme is designed to take into account the preferences of IoV components over heterogeneous UAVs. The simulation results show that the grand coalition, where all UAVs join a single coalition, is not always stable due to the profitmaximizing behavior of the UAVs. In addition, we show that as the cooperation cost of the UAVs increases, the UAVs prefer not to form any coalition.
|Title of host publication||2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Proceedings|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2020|
|Event||2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Virtual, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China|
Duration: 7 Dec 2020 → 11 Dec 2020
|Name||2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Proceedings|
|Conference||2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020|
|Country/Territory||Taiwan, Province of China|
|Period||7/12/20 → 11/12/20|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research is supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF), Singapore, under Singapore Energy Market Authority (EMA), Energy Resilience, NRF2017EWT-EP003-041, Singapore NRF2015-NRF-ISF001-2277, Singapore NRF National Satellite of Excellence, Design Science and Technology for Secure Critical Infrastructure NSoE DeST-SCI2019-0007, A*STAR-NTU-SUTD Joint Research Grant on Artificial Intelligence for the Future of Manufacturing RGANS1906, Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program and Nanyang Technological University (WASP/NTU) under grant M4082187 (4080), Singapore Ministry of Education (MOE) Tier 1 (RG16/20), and Alibaba Group through Alibaba Innovative Research (AIR) Program and Alibaba-NTU Singapore Joint Research Institute (JRI). This work is also partially supported by Macao Science and Technology Development Fund under Grant No. 0026/2018/A1.
© 2020 IEEE.
- Federated Learning
- Internet of Vehicles
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles