This research study sought to identify and categorize international marketing ethical problems that confront business managers in Australia and Canada. The study focused on ten major ethical problems developed from previous exploratory research. Managers from both countries indicate that the most frequently cited ethical problem is "gifts/favors/entertainment" and the most important ethical problem is "large-scale bribery". However, there exist significant differences in terms of rankings and mean values of frequency and importance ratings for other ethical problems.
CHAN, T. S., & ARMSTRONG, R. W. (1999). Comparative ethical report card : a study of Australian and Canadian manager's perceptions of international marketing ethics problems. Journal of Business Ethics, 18(1), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006069506379