Conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction : an exploratory study in 14 national groups

Mohsen JOSHANLOO, Muhammad RIZWAN, Imran Ahmed KHILJI, Maria Cristina FERREIRA, Wai-Ching POON, Suresh SUNDARAM, Lok Sang HO, Victoria Wai-lan YEUNG, Gyuseog HAN, Jaechang BAE, Melikşah DEMIR, Mustapha ACHOUI, Joyce S. PANG, Ding-Yu JIANG, Sanne M. A. LAMERS, Yucel TURAN, Zarina Kh. LEPSHOKOVA, Tatiana PANYUSHEVA, Amerkhanova NATALIA, Ryosuke ASANOTasuku IGARASHI, Saori TSUKAMOTO

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

12 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the relationship between 4 conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction in a sample of 2715 university students across 14 national groups. The 4 conceptions were self-transcendence, self-directed hedonism, conservation, and self-enhancement, which emerged from a principal component analysis of a 19-item scale generated for the purpose of the present study. Results of multi-level modeling showed that self-transcendence and conservation predicted life satisfaction positively and significantly. In addition, we found that self-directed hedonism and self-enhancement interacted in their effects on life satisfaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-148
Number of pages4
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date7 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016



  • Conception of happiness
  • Life satisfaction
  • Values
  • Culture
  • Happiness

Cite this

JOSHANLOO, M., RIZWAN, M., KHILJI, I. A., FERREIRA, M. C., POON, W-C., SUNDARAM, S., HO, L. S., YEUNG, V. W., HAN, G., BAE, J., DEMIR, M., ACHOUI, M., PANG, J. S., JIANG, D-Y., LAMERS, S. M. A., TURAN, Y., LEPSHOKOVA, Z. K., PANYUSHEVA, T., NATALIA, A., ... TSUKAMOTO, S. (2016). Conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction : an exploratory study in 14 national groups. Personality and Individual Differences, 102, 145-148.