Constructivist Self-Construal: A Cross-Cultural Comparison

Fiona GE, Stylianos SYROPOULOS*, Julian GENSLER, Bernhard LEIDNER, Steve LOUGHNAN, Jen-Ho CHANG, Chika HARADA, Silvia MARI, Maria P. PALADINO, Junqi SHI, Victoria W. L. YEUNG, Chun-Yu KUO, Koji TSUCHIYA

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Building on independent versus interdependent self-construal theory, three studies provide initial empirical evidence for a third way of construing the self: the constructivist self-construal. People with a constructivist view perceive the self as constantly changing (impermanence), as a collection of distinct phenomena from moment to moment (discontinuity), as lacking an essence (disentification), and as psychologically overlapping with other people and things in the universe (boundlessness/boundaries). In Study 1, we piloted a new Constructivist Self-Construal Scale and established preliminary evidence for the discriminant validity of the scale. Studies 2 and 3 found that across seven countries with diverse cultural backgrounds, the self was consistently cognitively represented on the four dimensions of constructivist self. People from collectivistic cultures where Buddhist philosophy is more prevalent tended to endorse the dimensions of the constructivist self-construal to a greater degree than people from other cultures. Implications regarding the development of the constructivist self-construal and future research recommendations are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106939712110552
Pages (from-to)29-61
Number of pages33
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Issue number1
Early online date8 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

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  • constructivist self-construal
  • culture
  • no-self


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