Cossacks and Sturgeons: Fisheries, Colonization, and Science around the Aral Sea (1873-1906)

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

The article addresses the managing of Aral Sea fisheries by the Tsarist administration, and the making of a colonial frontier inhabited by exiled Ural Cossack, Qaraqalpaq, Qazaq, Russian, and Ukrainian fishermen. By comparing the different power relations between Cossacks and the local population on the Ural River and in the Aral Sea region, it shows how they shaped fisheries management regulations and their effectiveness. It also investigates the conditions of production of scientific knowledge on the Aral Sea ecosystem and what role it played in governance decision-making. By drafting a series of fishing regulations and by examining the balance between humans and aquatic animals, scientists oriented the Tsarist government’s decisions on how to manage both the fisheries and the populations that exploited them. At the same time, members of a specific social group, the exiled Ural Cossacks, functioned as mediators between the imperial state and an ecosystem undergoing colonization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-673
Number of pages48
JournalJournal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
Volume62
Issue number4
Early online date16 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Fingerprint

colonization
fishery
science
regulation
local population
animal
river
governance
decision making
management
knowledge
Colonization
Fisheries
Ecosystem
Fishing
Mediator
Drafting
Governance
Decision making
Power relations

Keywords

  • Central Asia
  • Tsarist Empire
  • Environmental history
  • Aral Sea
  • Fisheries
  • Ural Cossacks
  • Kazakhs
  • Karakalpaks
  • fisheries
  • environmental history

Cite this

@article{e334ffe1a5124018a8c6c37fe3ff97e9,
title = "Cossacks and Sturgeons: Fisheries, Colonization, and Science around the Aral Sea (1873-1906)",
abstract = "The article addresses the managing of Aral Sea fisheries by the Tsarist administration, and the making of a colonial frontier inhabited by exiled Ural Cossack, Qaraqalpaq, Qazaq, Russian, and Ukrainian fishermen. By comparing the different power relations between Cossacks and the local population on the Ural River and in the Aral Sea region, it shows how they shaped fisheries management regulations and their effectiveness. It also investigates the conditions of production of scientific knowledge on the Aral Sea ecosystem and what role it played in governance decision-making. By drafting a series of fishing regulations and by examining the balance between humans and aquatic animals, scientists oriented the Tsarist government’s decisions on how to manage both the fisheries and the populations that exploited them. At the same time, members of a specific social group, the exiled Ural Cossacks, functioned as mediators between the imperial state and an ecosystem undergoing colonization.",
keywords = "Central Asia, Tsarist Empire, Environmental history, Aral Sea, Fisheries, Ural Cossacks, Kazakhs, Karakalpaks, fisheries, environmental history",
author = "Niccolo PIANCIOLA",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1163/15685209-12341490",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "626--673",
journal = "Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient",
issn = "0022-4995",
publisher = "Brill Academic Publishers",
number = "4",

}

Cossacks and Sturgeons: Fisheries, Colonization, and Science around the Aral Sea (1873-1906). / PIANCIOLA, Niccolo.

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 62, No. 4, 05.2019, p. 626-673.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cossacks and Sturgeons: Fisheries, Colonization, and Science around the Aral Sea (1873-1906)

AU - PIANCIOLA, Niccolo

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - The article addresses the managing of Aral Sea fisheries by the Tsarist administration, and the making of a colonial frontier inhabited by exiled Ural Cossack, Qaraqalpaq, Qazaq, Russian, and Ukrainian fishermen. By comparing the different power relations between Cossacks and the local population on the Ural River and in the Aral Sea region, it shows how they shaped fisheries management regulations and their effectiveness. It also investigates the conditions of production of scientific knowledge on the Aral Sea ecosystem and what role it played in governance decision-making. By drafting a series of fishing regulations and by examining the balance between humans and aquatic animals, scientists oriented the Tsarist government’s decisions on how to manage both the fisheries and the populations that exploited them. At the same time, members of a specific social group, the exiled Ural Cossacks, functioned as mediators between the imperial state and an ecosystem undergoing colonization.

AB - The article addresses the managing of Aral Sea fisheries by the Tsarist administration, and the making of a colonial frontier inhabited by exiled Ural Cossack, Qaraqalpaq, Qazaq, Russian, and Ukrainian fishermen. By comparing the different power relations between Cossacks and the local population on the Ural River and in the Aral Sea region, it shows how they shaped fisheries management regulations and their effectiveness. It also investigates the conditions of production of scientific knowledge on the Aral Sea ecosystem and what role it played in governance decision-making. By drafting a series of fishing regulations and by examining the balance between humans and aquatic animals, scientists oriented the Tsarist government’s decisions on how to manage both the fisheries and the populations that exploited them. At the same time, members of a specific social group, the exiled Ural Cossacks, functioned as mediators between the imperial state and an ecosystem undergoing colonization.

KW - Central Asia

KW - Tsarist Empire

KW - Environmental history

KW - Aral Sea

KW - Fisheries

KW - Ural Cossacks

KW - Kazakhs

KW - Karakalpaks

KW - fisheries

KW - environmental history

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066783917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1163/15685209-12341490

DO - 10.1163/15685209-12341490

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 62

SP - 626

EP - 673

JO - Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

JF - Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

SN - 0022-4995

IS - 4

ER -